The simplest and most commonly used way to fix the error is to restart, whatever it is, if something goes wrong. Windows encountered an error? Restart. Phone not connected to WiFi? Restart. While it doesn’t fix all of it, sometimes this approach helps.
The same goes for a modem (whether cable, DSL, satellite or fiber) or a router (router). But if you don’t reboot properly, you can end up losing your life, sometimes worse than the problem you’re facing.
You can say the Router is like a miniature computer
You may not have thought about this, but the router is basically a computer. The inside of the plastic shell also includes components such as CPU, RAM and storage, all controlled by an operating system. And like a computer, the router will sometimes fail, be it a memory overflow, overheating the CPU, or a kernel panic that causes the entire system to crash.
So in your opinion, what is the best way to solve these problems with computers? That’s right, please turn off the phone and turn it on again!
The router also applies the same mechanism: basically, you don’t actually solve the problem, but facilitate the system to restart from scratch. And the reboot method can’t fix recurring system errors, it just fixes simple errors that occasionally appear.
Do I really have to wait 10 seconds to reconnect the router?
Most electronic devices use capacitors – tiny batteries. You may have seen them before if you took out your computer or other devices to play with them.
Of course, these capacitors do not store much electricity, just enough to keep the memory chip working for a few seconds only. You have to wait 10 seconds for these capacitors to discharge completely, thereby helping the memory chip be wiped clean to ensure all temporary settings on your router are reset, of which there will be possible settings that cause the system The system is suspended.
As mentioned above, there are many reasons you should restart your router. Not every problem requires a 10-second wait to discharge and can be resolved quickly. But if you run into a new problem, the 10 second wait makes a big difference between getting back to work or not.
How to restart the router and modem properly
Step 1: Don’t use buttons that say Reset or Restart as they will usually initiate the restore / reset process noted above. You can use the power button to turn it off, but unplugging is simpler.
If there are other managed network devices, like network switches, be sure to unplug them as well. As for unmanaged devices, it’s fine to just plug in the cord, but see if they are the cause of the problem you are having.
Step 2: Wait 30 seconds. This step may not be necessary if you know exactly what the problem is, but usually you just reboot when you don’t know where the problem is. Wait for the device to rest, let your ISP, your computer, and the device know that you are offline.
Step 3: Remember, only the modem cord is plugged in. If the power hasn’t been on for a few seconds, try using the power button to turn it on. If you use a cable network, the modem is the device that connects directly to your home network.
Step 4: Wait at least 60 seconds. This waiting is very important but is often overlooked. The modem takes time to authenticate the ISP and get the specified public IP address. Although modems are different, they will mainly have 4 lights: power light, receive light, send light and activity light. In the meantime, make sure the first 3 lights are on, indicating that the modem has received power.
Step 5: Plug the router back in. Just like when plugging in the modem in step 3, you will sometimes need to press the power button. If using the modem-router combination, skip this step and the next step. The software in the device will automatically pop up in the correct order.
To find out which is your router, keep in mind that the router is usually connected directly to the modem so the device next to it will be the router you need. Not all routers have antennas, but many do, so if you don’t know, look for one that has antennas.
Step 6: Wait at least 2 minutes. It is time for the router to get backups, computers, phones and other “downstream” devices using the network will have time to get the new private IP address of the DHCP service on the router.
If the power was turned off from the switch or other network devices, now is the time to turn it on again. Remember to wait a few minutes. If there are multiple devices, be sure to get external power supply (based on network map).
Now the router and modem have been properly restarted. Try to check if the problem is fixed.
Although it is not necessary to restart the computer or other wireless devices, but perhaps it should be done now, especially if some have a network and some have not. As with routers and modems, remember to reboot properly. If not, you can refresh the IP address (using ipconfig / review command in Command Prompt).
In short, restarting your router is a good idea to do regularly to make sure your router is always working properly. If the router is located too far away or not convenient to turn off, consider buying an additional timer and setting the on / off time for the router, preferably off at night, when everyone is asleep. Then wait about 30 minutes, then turn it on again.