This week, Huawei fell into a serious crisis after being blacklisted by the US government, forcing US companies to stop doing business with the Chinese technology firm.
The US government's ban makes Huawei lose important smartphone components and Google services on Android. Google's suspension of Android licensing is shocking for Huawei as this means that future carrier phones will not integrate important Google applications such as the Google Play app store, Maps maps, and browsers. Chrome and web search.
The US government yesterday (May 22) announced a suspension of ban on Huawei for three months, allowing it to continue to access Google's Android software platform to update existing devices. However, ARM has recently announced that it will cease cooperation with Huawei and this is a threat to Huawei even more frightening than losing Google services.
Huawei lost ARM
ARM is considered the lifeline of the smartphone market because it undertakes the internal operations of most smartphones. ARM architecture and instructions for processors are licensed to many partners in the smartphone industry. ARM technology can be said to appear in most smartphone processing operations, deciding how to think and handle everything on the phone.
ARM is also responsible for designing the CPU and GPU used in most smartphones today. Except for Apple, most mobile chip manufacturers on the market today use ARM's CPU and GPU designs on their processors. All major chip makers from Qualcomm, HiSilicon chip manufacturing division of Huawei, MediaTek, Exynos of Samsung all use ARM's CPU and GPU designs. Therefore, losing ARM means that Huawei will lose the technology necessary to create smartphones.
What can Huawei do without ARM technology?
According to the BBC news agency, Huawei will still be allowed to use ARM chip designs for current microprocessor products such as the mid-range Kirin 710 chip and the high-end Kirin 980. However, the company will not be able to use ARM's technology in new generation processors like Kirin 985. Without ARM technology, what can Huawei do?
The Android Authority page states that Huawei does not currently have any alternative to ARM technology. One possibility is that the company may use processors from other manufacturers such as Samsung or MediaTek, which already have ARM technology. But this is hardly feasible because ARM will require chip makers to buy their technology to comply with the US government ban.
Huawei is also unable to switch to chips based on x86 architecture from Intel because Intel does not manufacture these chips anymore and is not allowed to sell them to blacklisted companies.
Another possibility is that Huawei makes its own CPU and GPU, but they need to use the new architecture in place of the x86 and ARM chip architectures. However, currently there is no other chip architecture other than x86 and ARM compatible with Android from the beginning. Moreover, it is not easy to design CPU and GPU in just a few months because this is a work that requires many years of deployment.
In other words, without Google services, users will have to find a way to bypass and install Google services on new Huawei phones. But without ARM, Huawei will not have the hardware needed to produce new smartphones.
TT (according to Android Authority)