Why do some Android phones do not have Play Store?

Why do some Android phones do not have Play Store?

Huawei smartphone segment can be seriously damaged if it lacks Android

What will Huawei's smartphone lose when Google withdraws its license to use Android, only use the AOSP version

If you are still wondering what the nature of Android is and why the Play Store store is only appearing on certain Android-running products, this article will explain in detail the real reason behind it. This information is useful, helping you choose products that suit your needs in the future.

The Android operating system is built on the basis of a set of source code called Android Open Source Project (English: Android Open Source Project, abbreviated AOSP). As the name suggests: AOSP is an open source code: all code is public and can be viewed, used and edited by everyone, completely free of charge. AOSP is primarily maintained and developed by Google engineers, and AOSP itself is built on another open source software, Linux.

Most Android phone manufacturers use AOSP as a basis for developing their own Android version, and that's why Android OS on phones of different brands like Samsung, LG, Xiaomi, OnePlus … there are differences. Each company has its own set of software developers and developers, uses Google engineers' products and builds its own software on the base AOSP layer. Everything is as simple as that.

On the top floor of Android is a set of exclusive Google applications and services called Google Mobile Services (GMS). This package includes services like Google Chrome, YouTube, Google Search, and most importantly the Google Play Store app store. GMS is what Amazon devices (and in the future most likely, Huawei, if the US ban does not end) are not available.

Google licensed the use of GMS packages to phone manufacturers for free, but with some conditions. One of the conditions for hardware manufacturers is that they must pre-install Google applications (such as Gmail and Google Maps) on their devices. It is also for this reason that Google "entangled" in legal trouble with European Union executives and had to pay a fine in the past.

However, most Android phone manufacturers still opt to use the GMS package and agree to the terms Google offers — proof that you can immediately see Google applications preinstalled. on top smartphones on the market like Galaxy S10 and LG G8 ThinQ. Hardware companies that get the best version of Android run on their products, Google has a lot more users of their apps and services; everyone is happy.

However, GMS is not only that. The Google Play Store app store not only provides applications, it also provides Google Play Services "framework" to perform a variety of security scanning functions in modern Android operating systems. It also includes the most important application programming interface (API) functions for programmers to interfere more deeply into the Android platform. Without these APIs, developing Android apps outside of Play Store will become much more difficult.

Critics of Google say that the search giant is getting more and more important components out of the AOSP core, now to develop a "usable" mobile operating system, allowing users to Use effectively, if only based on the AOSP core, it is almost impossible. On the other hand, Google argues that the core source code is still provided as open source and is regularly maintained to serve the needs of anyone who wants to use it to deploy their products. . The company takes the example of LineageOS or Amazon's Fire OS to prove its point.

But why doesn't Amazon "shake hands" with Google to use Android OS with GMS on its Fire tablet line? You have to ask Amazon and Google themselves to know, but perhaps Amazon doesn't really make "fun" whatsoever when it comes to providing users with Google applications and services right on its own hardware product. (especially for video and music services, when Amazon also has similar products). That means that the Fire tablet line will not have a Google Play Store app store – Amazon adds this flaw by providing Fire with its own Amazon App Store. Some applications of "big men" also appear on Amazon's repositories, but most of them are "fake" versions of poor quality equivalent applications on Play Store, because developers are often afraid of having to "port" application to another platform, especially when the platform does not have many users.

"Opposition" with AOSP, we have the original Android, or many people are still known as the "original Android". This term has changed significantly in time and the scale of GMS has been expanded. In fact, the original Android is the AOSP core with GMS but doesn't add anything above (no interfaces, launchers, themes … of third-party vendors) – the original Android source code is Google directly released as soon as they are approved and approved, so devices using the original Android will usually be updated to the new operating system version soon.

In the past, the best way to experience the original Android operating system was to buy a Nexus phone. Currently, we have Android One (the version being used by Nokia and more and more smart phone manufacturers), generally quite close to the original Android – you have Google Assistant, Google Play Store, updates Fast operating system from Google, and many other things. You just don't get the flashy interface and auxiliary apps like Samsung and OnePlus products. So understandably, Android One is the Android version created by device manufacturers close to the original Google as possible, including AOSP + GSM and only very few additional software by the manufacturers Tuesday added.

Talking about the interface and the "superficial" details, the version is considered the latest original Android (and also the "real" original Android version) is the Android operating system used by Google on electric currents. Pixel phones produced by the company: this version is a combination of AOSP core, GSM service pack and some other additional details that Google created to optimize their hardware. These details include: weather forecast widget, Lock screen Now Playing display item, Call Screen feature support, and a number of camera function enhancements (photography, video recording).

In general, Pixel's Android, Android One and Android terms are often confusing and confusing, because there are very few differences between them. But if you want to own the latest, best features of Android (although that may not be the "cleanest" Android version), use the phones produced by Google.

Going back to Huawei's case, it has been heating up technology forums recently. Currently, Huawei has lost access to applications within the GSM package. This is not too big a problem for this company, because Huawei itself (as well as many other Chinese phone manufacturers), has an alternative app store for Play Store, by the Chinese government. The country has "banned" Google's app store for a long time.

However, the harshness of the US trade sanctions will not only prohibit Google from licensing GSM application packages, but also the rights to use Android's AOSP core for Huawei. Even if AOSP is a free, open source software, Huawei may still be banned from using this core source code set.

This forced Huawei not only to create a new app store for itself, but also to write a completely new operating system. There is still a lot of open space, no final conclusion about whether Huawei will be banned from using parts of Android, but it is important to license the use of both Chinese AOSP and GMS. These are all under threat. One thing is for sure, Google will immediately have to stop licensing GMS to Huawei, but the question is whether Huawei can continue to use the AOSP core; if so, the Chinese company will have to develop an operating system based on the AOSP core similar to Amazon's Fire OS now.

At the present time, legal sanctions and its consequences for Huawei have not fallen out – even, perhaps Huawei can be "acquitted" in some unexpected developments? If you own a Huawei phone, don't worry: it won't abruptly stop working – Google has made a specific announcement about this case: Google Play Store and Google Play Services will continue. works on current devices – just that they may not receive future Android updates.

Huawei and Chinese phone makers still "live well" without the Google Play Store in the Chinese market, but the problem is that their alternative app store has only very good apps. " Native ", and certainly will not have a foothold in overseas markets, where Snapchat, Spotify and Twitter are preferred over anything else.


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