If the Soviet Union (Soviet Union) was kept, today’s world would be more stable, safer and fairer, former Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev said in an interview with the British edition of The Times. .
“What would the world be like if the Soviet Union was maintained? History cannot have the so-called ‘what if’. But I think the world will be better. It will be more stable, safer, fairer.” – extracting the full version of Gorbachev’s interview for the Times publication provided by the press service of the Gorbachev Foundation.
The collapse of the Soviet Union, he stressed, was not the end goal of the reform. “Absolutely not. And of course, we do not want that to happen” – the former Soviet leader emphasized.
Mr. Gorbachev acknowledged that there were certain mistakes in the reform policy of the Soviet Union, such as: Party reform was too late, the decentralization of the Soviet Union or economic reforms were not bold enough …
At the same time, among the ‘real outcomes’ of this policy, he pointed out these are: the end of the Cold War, denuclearization agreements, freedom of speech, assembly, religion. , freedom to leave the country, alternative elections and a multi-party political system.
“And most importantly, we made the process of change irreversible. So the coup failed in August 1991. Although the damage from it was enormous: It was a blow. And then the extremists and separatists put an end to the Soviet Union, without thinking of the consequences, ”added Gorbachev.
Previously, in November 2019, Mikhail Gorbachev explained more specifically about the cause of the collapse of the Soviet Union. The former Soviet leader said that politics was the main cause of the collapse of the largest Socialist State in the world.
|Former US President George W Bush (left) and Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev met on a ship anchored at a port in Malta in 1989.|
According to him, one of the main reasons is that the leadership of Russia – the largest republic in the Soviet Union, led by former President Boris Yeltsin, has followed the path of separation. It was this trend that led to the disintegration of the Soviet Union.
He also shared that, he tried to maintain the unity of the Soviet Union in the process of conducting the “Federal Reform”.
“My deep beliefs lie in the path to the political sovereignty of the republics, to economic independence, to preserve their identities, and to cultural development through federal reform. , transformed into an efficient, democratic federal state, to which republics were authorized, ”recalled Gorbachev.
Gorbachev said that the direct cause was that the new Federal Treaty, which was intended to be signed in 1991, would have been prevented by the August coup. If this treaty was signed, the Soviet Union would have. did not disintegrate and tens of millions of Russians have not regretted the collapse of the Soviet Union.
However, the analysis of some scholars has shown that, apart from the objective cause of the US resistance, the Soviet serious and subjective mistakes in political and economic reforms, but the responsibility it was Mikhail Gorbachev – then General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (later President of the Soviet Union) – that was the main cause of the breakup of the Soviet Union.