What is Trusted Platform Module 2.0 and how to activate on Windows 11

What is Trusted Platform Module 2.0 and how to activate on Windows 11


#Trusted #Platform #Module #activate #Windows

Trusted Platform Module (TPM) 2.0 is a chip that enhances the security of the Windows operating system. It is currently listed as a prerequisite for installing Windows 11. While not widely known, it already appeared as a requirement in Windows 10, although in many cases it is not enabled or not even present in the BIOS. Look what is the safety device Windows and how to activate it in your computer.

  • What is Trustted Platform Module 2.0 technology

    • Advantages of using TPM
    • What are the functions of TPM
  • How to know if the TPM 2.0 chip is present in the PC
  • Does the PC have TPM version 2.0?
  • How to activate the Trusted Platform Module

    • How to access PC BIOS and find TPM?
    • Chipless PC Alternatives

What is Trustted Platform Module 2.0 technology

The TPM security chip is used on motherboards to implement system protection. The technology has an intelligent security method: an encryption processor that performs the operations associated with physical security mechanisms, making Windows resistant to tampering by maltware. Furthermore, version 2.0 of the chip (previous version 1.2 was used by companies for the past decade) guarantees flexible and reliable encryption to be applied in different applications.

Therefore, Microsoft will certify systems with Windows 11 that already have a TPM 2.0 chip enabled to work from the first load. It is worth remembering that almost all CPUs manufactured in the last five to seven years already ship the TPM chip and are therefore able to receive the new version of the Microsoft system when it is released.

Advantages of using TPM

The chip has several advantages for hardware security:

  • It will manage, store and limit the use of encryption keys.

  • The technology is used to identify the platform device with the TPM’s unique self-writing RSA (cryptographic system) key.

  • Maintains platform integrity by storing security measures.

What are the functions of TPM

Trusted Platform Module ensures system integrity by creating and using keys. The chip will record system startup to know, if necessary, how a system was started. Furthermore, the recording proves that a TPM-based key was used only with the correct software.

How to know if the TPM 2.0 chip is present in the PC

Right-click on the Windows icon in the taskbar and select Windows Powershell (Admin). If this option does not appear, type Windows Powershell in the Start menu search bar and select the option Execute as administrator.

After opening the Powershell interface, which resembles the command prompt, type

get-tpm

and click on Enter. Thus, the results of the command will be displayed in a list with variables true (True) or false (False). You need to pay attention to the first two lines:

  • TpmPresent True means the machine has the chip. If the option appears false, the chip was not found on the PC.

  • TpmReady True means the chip is already activated. If the option appears false, the chip is not activated.

Does the PC have TPM version 2.0?

Knowing the version of the machine’s security chip is quite simple. Just access the Device Manager repeating the right-click on the Windows icon. In the window that appears, double-click on the option Security devices to get the TPM version:

How to activate the Trusted Platform Module

As stated above, maybe the security module is built into the BIOS, but not enabled in the PC. To activate it, you will need to access the BIOS, a slightly more complicated procedure for less experienced users.

How to access PC BIOS and find TPM?

The BIOS can be accessed during system startup. Generally, at the bottom edge of the screen, you will see the key indication to press to open the BIOS, which may vary depending on the machine or motherboard manufacturer – F2, F10 or F12.

Remember that the menus can also vary a lot, as well as the option to enable TPM 2.0. Furthermore, the processors have different names for the security chip – PTT in the case of Intel and fTPM in the case of AMD, for example. And don’t forget that if you don’t find the chip, it might be in safe boot mode and UEFI, the security and optimization service.

Chipless PC Alternatives

The TPM chip is sold as a stand-alone device in specialty stores. However, the news about the mandatory TPM 2.0 to run Windows 11 caused prices to skyrocket. So, it’s best to wait a while before buying it, mainly because Microsoft has not confirmed that it will be a requirement for installing the operating system.

Photos: © Ash Edmonds – Unsplash.

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