The material here is slowly separating from the belt, towards Saturn forming meteor showers. Turns out, Saturn’s magnetic field is pulling the material on the belt towards the planet, so it’s lucky that we visit Saturn now, because about 300 million years from now this belt will disappear.
Into the planet
We’re going to head into Saturn and land in the North Pole, but wait, there’s no ground below for landing. Saturn is made up of almost entirely hydrogen and helium gas, which is why it is known as a gas giant. We reach Saturn’s atmosphere about 4,000 kilometers above the surface. When crossing the North Pole, we will admire a beautiful auroras. Saturn’s magnetic field generates large currents, which heat up the atmosphere at the poles, which can disrupt the ship’s navigation systems and electronics.
Next, we will reach the troposphere 250km from the surface. Be careful, strong winds can hit us at speeds of almost 400 m / s. Three times faster than the strongest storms on Earth. Around us, dense yellow clouds are also the dominant color of this planet. They are filled with ammonia. Ideally you should close the door tightly, Ammonia is very uncomfortable and can wreak havoc on your respiratory system. And yet, the temperature here is -250 degrees Celsius, much colder than the East Antarctic Plateau (-100 degrees C) – the coldest place on Earth. Now let’s go down a bit warmer.
Now that we reach the surface of the planet, which is covered with a mixture of steam and ammonia gas, the temperature is 0 degrees Celsius. The deeper we go, the higher the pressure causes the water molecules to freeze. form intense hail. Hopefully they don’t break our ship to pieces, if we pass, we will reach the next floor.
After going inland 1,000 km. Here, the pressure is so high that it forces the molecules of hydrogen to compress together into liquid, which is not good at all, since even the most durable submarine would be crushed under these conditions.
After the liquid hydrogen layer is the liquid metallic hydrogen layer located at a depth of 30,000 km inland. The problem here is that metals can conduct electricity, so even if our locators and electronics get rid of the aurora on the upper level, it will definitely not remain intact at this level.
But if we can survive, the last stop we can explore is the core of Saturn. Scientists suspect Saturn has a core made of iron and nickel, but they are not sure if it is as liquid or solid as Earth’s. So we will be the first lucky ones to know this once and for all.
However, the temperature here is over 83,000 degrees Celsius, hotter than the surface of the Sun and easily dissolves the spacecraft and the crew as well. I think we should go back while we can!
Source: Science Insider