Before the Myanmar army regained control of the country and arrested State Counselor Aung San Suu Kyi, President Win Myint and many other leaders of the government, the US responded almost immediately.
President Joe Biden expressed Washington’s views on the Myanmar situation shortly after being informed by National Security Advisor Jake Sullivan of the Myanmar Army’s turnaround.
“We will work with our partners in the region and around the world to support the restoration of democracy and the rule of law, and hold accountable to those who upset Myanmar’s democratic transition. “, CNN reported.
And White House press secretary Jen Psaki declared: “The US opposes any attempt to change the outcome of the elections or hinder Myanmar’s democratic transition. The United States closely monitors everything.” move and take action “.
|Myanmar army on the streets of the capital Naypyidaw after the coup|
Thus, the US administration of the 58th term has expressed a tough stance on the rebellion of the Myanmar army, to ensure the democracy that Washington and its allies once went to the Golden Temple for universalization, must be feed, take care.
However, analysts said that in fact, the US and the West did not intend to nurture democracy in Myanmar, and even Washington and its allies were the most important factor motivating the Myanmar army to carry out the mutiny. Why so?
America and the West are too impatient to erase the roots of authoritarianism in Myanmar
According to analysts, in 2011, when he nominated General Thein Sein to run for election and headed the semi-civilian government, accepting many adverse decisions from the Thein Sein government, the Myanmar army created favorable conditions for the people. Owner took root in the Golden Temple country.
It can be affirmed that the election on November 8, 2015 and the election of November 8, 2020, the desired results of the Myanmar people are dependent on the military’s decision to commit to respect the mandate of power in Myanmar.
Elections that bring landslide victories for the National League for Democracy (NLD) party have a huge role in the military, as they facilitate it to happen and secure. Its fruit is respected.
The Burmese people rejoiced at the NLD’s resounding victories, while the military-backed ruling party failed, but saw no mention of political revenge, even in sensitive times. cold.
In 2015, General Min Aung Hlaing, Commander in Chief of the Myanmar Armed Forces congratulated the NLD’s victory, pledged to cooperate with the new government and affirmed to continue strengthening the multi-party political system. And indeed it is.
When the Myanmar army declared respect for the 2015 election results to show the will of the ruling forces to respect the will of the Myanmar people – this is the most important thing to ensure the election takes place and ends smoothly. share in peace.
Because in 1990, the NLD had a resounding victory, but in the end, the election results were rejected by the military authorities at that time, the beating and arrests of people of the NLD and Aung San Suu Kyi herself were arrested and arrested. containment and limit political freedom.
On the other hand, the NLD status in Myanmar before the 2015 election was similar to the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) before the 2008 election. However, the PPP did not have a peaceful atmosphere to conduct activities. run for office.
|Leader Aung San Suu Kyi and the NLD cannot step into the political arena if the Myanmar army does not cultivate democracy.|
The role of Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi was similar to that of Ms. Benazir Bhutto, the PPP leader in Pakistan at that time. But Aung San Suu Kyi enjoys the taste of victory in the heroic pose, and PPP has to dye victory with Ms. Bhutto’s blood.
Therefore, it can be affirmed that the Myanmar military’s role determines the success of a revolution-caliber change in Myanmar and it is the military that has ensured a nurtured democracy within the Myanmar institution.
However, when the Rohingya Muslims revolted against the government, caused a conflict in the Golden Temple land and the Myanmar army had to carry out a campaign to restore order, the US-West criticized the abuse of power and crimes. .
On March 17, 2017, Britain’s Permanent Representative to the United Nations, Matthew Rycroft, made a proposal, asking the UN Security Council to issue a statement condemning the Myanmar army for crimes against humanity – the proposal was Russia and China stop.
Failure to obtain an international statement condemning the Myanmar army and then blaming it against humanity, the United States imposed sanctions on General Min Aung Hlaing and three other leaders of the Myanmar army in 2019.
At the same time, the US and the West have also directed criticism to the Myanmar security forces – considered one of the two “remnants” of tyranny – to strangle freedom in a civil society in Myanmar. .
“It must be said that we are disappointed to see that the military regime’s measures are still being applied in Myanmar,” said the UN special envoy for human rights in Myanmar, Yanghee Lee, according to Reuters.
With such reality, it is clear that the Myanmar army – the force nurturing democracy in Myanmar – has been tried by the US and the West to get rid of the political arena in Myanmar after nearly 60 years they have taken control of Myanmar. .
As can be seen, the US-West was too hasty, determined to reduce the prestige of the Myanmar military. This is considered an important reason for the Myanmar military’s action.
The US-West treats the hero of Myanmar’s democracy unfairly
The Myanmar army accepted to cede leadership to the opponent, after nearly 60 years of operating and managing the country. However, tyranny in Myanmar cannot be abolished. According to the Myanmar Constitution, the military automatically has 25% of the seats of the National Assembly.
|The hero of Myanmar’s democracy has been tarnished image and reputation by the US and the West|
Along with that are the “sets of strength” in the Myanmar government belong to the military representative holding. This is a huge barrier to exercising the power of the new Western democracy in Myanmar.
The military’s strength with the new NLD administration is seen as a disappointment for Washington and its allies who have traveled to Myanmar to universalize the Western traditional democratic principle.
For her part, when she was no longer a “opposition activist” but became a leader, Aung San Suu Kyi soon realized that many of Myanmar’s political problems could not be resolved with the slogan of “campaigning. democracy “as she did before.
Therefore, when in power, leader Aung San Suu Kyi chose reconciliation and national unification as the foundation for his power, and creating peace for Myanmar was the first step in the process of building that foundation. .
The choice of leader Aung San Suu Kyi and the post-Thein Sein Myanmar government, caused the US-West to lose the opportunity to dismiss the Myanmar military’s role in political life in the Golden Temple country.
For after the Panglong Conferences, peace for Myanmar could not be achieved by shaking hands with solidarity between the government and opposing factions, and force had to be used.
So the hero of Myanmar’s democracy, leader Aung San Suu Kyi, was heavily criticized by the US-West.
In 2017, in Washington, late Sen. John McCain and Sen. Dick Durbin co-sponsored a bipartisan resolution condemning violence in Myanmar and criticizing Aung San Suu Kyi’s administration, according to The New York. Times.
Moreover, Western media also said that the Nobel Peace Prize awarded to Aung San Suu Kyi for her achievements in the fight for democracy and human rights in Myanmar is a “shame”.
Human Rights Watch CEO Ken Roth once stated: “We welcome Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi when she receives the Nobel Peace Prize because she is a symbol of courage in the face of the regime. peremptory.
But now, in power, she symbolizes complicity with the tyranny …. She is honored for fighting for freedom – and now she uses freedom. to justify her own murder. “
|The issue of ethnic conflict in Myanmar is not easily resolved according to the wishes of the US and the West|
So Aung San Suu Kyi’s international reputation has been tarnished by the US and the West. This is extremely detrimental for the hero of Myanmar’s democracy. Therefore, Aung San Suu Kyi condemned the Western media and gradually alienated herself from the US-West.
When he ceded leadership to the NLD, the Myanmar army expected Myanmar to open up to the Western world, but the reality was that Myanmar’s military leaders were punished, and Myanmar’s state leaders were tarnished. language.
It can be said that this is the disappointment of the Myanmar army, so they decided to re-hold power in preparation for another transition.