Numerous studies have shown that a certain level of exercise is beneficial when it comes to protecting cognitive functions and that a sedentary lifestyle has a negative effect on the brain. Research has suggested that walking 4,000 steps a day stimulates cognitive function in older people, and others have shown that a sedentary lifestyle interferes with the temporal lobe, the area of the brain that processes memories and language.
So what is the role of our positions and movements on our gray matter, and in particular on our memory? Three researchers from the University of Munich, Germany, published a study on how aerobic exercise (endurance) protects the brain. They also found that sitting, standing, and walking affect his ability to spontaneously store visual information to use them in a common task.
Understanding cognitive performance
Scientists indicate in the journal British Journal of Psychology : “Although modern society has evolved to become more and more sedentary, our brain works best when our body is active. “By monitoring the brain activity of 24 volunteers using electroencephalography, they analyzed the performance of memory tasks under different conditions. The results were better when participants did cycling or walking, rather than when they were sitting or just standing.
Stand nevertheless allowed to minimize errors as the participants completed their task. “Our results have implications not only in the field of cognitive psychology, where our knowledge comes primarily from sitting and resting participants, but also for our understanding of cognitive performance in general“, they conclude.
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