Vladimir Ilych Lenin, the leader of the world proletariat, was the first to creatively apply the principles of Marxism to Russia's practice to create the October Revolution that shook the world.
In celebration of the 102nd anniversary of the Great Russian October October (November 7, 1917 – November 7, 2019), we arrived at Gorki-Leninskye village in the cold, when heavy snowflakes made their way. I walked into Lenin estate, which had lived the last days of my life even further.
Gorki estate (Leninskye) was built in the late 18th century. In 1909, female millionaire Zinaida Morozova and her third husband, Major General Anatoly Rainbot, bought the estate. For the first time, the Ulyanov family (including VI Lenin, his wife Nadezhda Konstantinovna Krupskaya and his sister Maria Ilyinichna) came to Gorki on September 25, 1918 to Lenin regained his health after he was mortally wounded on August 30, 1918 in Michelson plant in Moscow. In the following years, Lenin continued to visit this estate and died here at 18 hours 50 minutes on January 21, 1924.
The museum at the estate also preserves the costumes Lenin wears, including copies of Lenin costumes worn when shot at Michelson's factory with only red marks tracing the bullet.
Next to Lenin 's picture is Nadezhda' s memoir of her experience on the estate: "We are used to living in modest apartments, in cheap rooms and inns abroad. I chose for myself the smallest room (on the estate) and moved there. However, even the most room that has 3 large windows and 3 dressing tables. We got used to Gorki, adapting to this working place. Lenin likes balconies and large windows. ”
The interesting thing about the estate is the library with lots of books. The library is Lenin's favorite. At this point, we can feel the ability to work as well as the scholarship of the person. Ms. Evghenhi, the museum's senior guide, said: “Most of the books here are transferred by Lenin from his apartment in the Kremlin. He reads a lot and has a fast diagonal reading technique. Each day he reads from 500 to 600 pages of books. There are also literature books in foreign languages. Lenin knows nine foreign languages that the righteous thanks to the educational method of his mother, Maria Aleksandrovna.
The memorabilia of Lenin at the estate are still treasured. Beneath the Erikson telephone, the user used to contact the Kremlin, also kept messages of complaints about his poor communication quality. Remember that it was rare at the time to have a phone in a suburban home, so the Soviet government chose the Morozova millionaire's estate for Lenin to use.
In the big house, on the second floor, there was still his desk looking out the window. The clock and calendar in the house stopped at 18.50 hours on the second of January 21, 1924 when he was gone forever.
In the room on the 2nd floor, where he lived the last days of his life, still kept the bell to call for services and drugs used to treat Lenin. It is worth noting in this room are two books "The 13th Conference of the Communist Party of Russia" and the story "Love of Life" by American writer Jack London that his wife read for the last days of life.
Sister Evghenhi introduced us to the statue just outside the main building of the estate, depicting the scene of bringing Lenin's corpse to Moscow. This is the only statue in the world depicting Lenin passed away.
The statue's author, sculptor Sergei Merkurov depicts a very realistic and meaningful scene in the cold -30 degrees of January 1924. The coffin and body of Lenin were carried on the shoulders by the masses for 4km from the estate to the train station to take to Moscow.
Ms. Evghenhi commented: “No one doubts that Lenin is a great man who has had a great influence on the history of the world. Gorki Estate is one of the few places still preserved since the October Revolution. And visitors here can see firsthand the original artifacts about the life of Vladimir Ilych and the cities. a member of his family since 1918 ”.
Located not far from the main mansion of Gorki estate, in the territory of this estate is a small house that the Museum "Office and apartments of V. I. Lenin in the Kremlin" in 1994 was moved here.
The museum, formerly open from April 1955, is located on the third floor of the old Senate building in the Kremlin, in rooms from 1918 to 1923 Lenin lived and worked, and his family members continued continue to live until 1939.
The museum's original artifacts reproduce not only the working atmosphere of the Soviet People's Commissar and its first President, but also the smallest details of the living conditions of the Ulyanov family. This makes it one of the most visited Lenin museums.
Here, Lenin conducted daily party and country leadership tasks; preparing for party conferences and conferences, congresses of the Soviet Union, the Communist International Congress …, writing the works "Immediate tasks of the Soviet government", "Left-wing childish" left-wing 'in communism, "" The dictatorship of the proletariat, "" The Great First Step "…
The museum begins with the meeting room of the young Soviet government. Here, the guide, Svetlana Generalova, said that under Lenin, the cloth on tables and chairs was red, but under Stalin, it was replaced with green.
However, Stalin retained Lenin wooden chair sitting in the red corner of the hall. This meeting room is the place where the young Soviet political ministry meets. According to Svetlana, the work was so numerous that at that time the meeting room was open from 8 am until midnight.
Lenin's office in the museum represents the final stage of his work in the Kremlin, although many items relate to his early years as the leader of the Soviet government. Can be seen clearly on the desk, besides the blue electric light, there are candles.
Lenin worked under the candles to keep up with the situation in the event of a power outage or the occurrence of that time. Here, you can see original war maps in the Russian Civil War, documents for congresses and conferences, collect statistics, gifts of workers and farmers sent to Lenin from all over the region. country.
The remarkable point on the wall is a map of the Caucasus area, specifically marking the unique composition of people in this area. What shows that Lenin is very interested in the different ethnic groups living in the remote Caucasus region.
The clock in Vladimir Ilyich's office stopped at 8:15 pm. The Lenin family moved from Petrograd to the Kremlin to live on March 12, 1918. And 8:15 pm on 12/12/1922 is the end of Lenin's last working day in the Kremlin. It was at this time, before the resolute request of the doctor, who had to leave Moscow for a long holiday and accepted to Gorki estate.
At Lenin's museum of offices and apartments in the Kremlin, once again surprising visitors are books. Svetlana said that in the total of more than 40,000 artifacts of the museum, books account for a large part, up to 11,000 books. The library of Lenin includes books in 18 languages, and Lenin enjoys reading books about the history of nations.
The Ulyanov family rooms in the Kremlin exude a rustic, modest shield. Everything is simple, clean, not shiny, not luxurious. It is obvious that the apartments are very modestly furnished, and there are only minimal items needed.
The area of Lenin apartments is quite modest, and it can be clearly seen that they consist only of minimalist items. The remarkable point in this room is the recliner. Lenin seemed to continue working in his bedroom. Therefore, people have an extra chair to work and can rest.
We can see the items and styles of the leader of the proletariat are simple, but it exudes an intelligence, a great personality that has changed the world.
On May 19, in the city of Ulianovsk, the birthplace of the leader of the Russian October Revolution and the world proletariat Vladimir Ilych Lenin, the Vietnamese community and the city government held a solemn ceremony. On the occasion of President Ho Chi Minh's 129th birthday and the inauguration of Uncle Ho's monument, one of the five full-body monuments in the world.
Cuban First Party Secretary Raul Castro on May 1 received the Lenin Prize for his great achievements in socialist construction, as well as the Cuban leader's contributions to reinforce the principles of equity, humanism and social progress.
The Vietnam News Agency correspondent in Moscow reported that on April 22, many cities throughout Russia took place on the 149th anniversary of the birth of the proletariat leader Vladimir Ilyich Lenin (April 22, 1870 – 4/22/2019).
On January 21, in Moscow, the leader of the Russian Communist Party (LB) of Russia (KPRF) led a delegation to visit and place flowers at the Mausoleum of the proletariat Vladimir Ilyich Lenin on the 95th anniversary of the death. of the Person (January 21, 1924-21, 2019).