Do you remember the recent expanded census, we have already had results, according to the census results, at 0:00 on April 1, 2019 Vietnam we have 96,208,984 people, in which male population is 47,881,061 people (accounting for 49.8%) and female population is 48,327,923 people (accounting for 50.2%). Thus, Vietnam is the 15th most populous country in the world, falling 2 places compared to 10 years ago, and ranking third in Southeast Asia (after Indonesia and the Philippines).
Some points to note:
After 10 years, since 2009, Vietnam's population has increased by 10.4 million people. The average annual population growth rate in the period of 2009-2019 is 1.14% / year, a slight decrease compared to the previous 10-year period (1.18% / year).
Vietnam is a country with a high population density compared to other countries in the world and in the region. In 2019, Vietnam's population density was 290 people / km2, an increase of 31 people / km2 compared to 2009. Hanoi and Ho Chi Minh City are the two regions with the highest population density in the country, respectively 2,398 people / km2 and 4,363 people / km2.
The distribution of population among socio-economic regions varies considerably, the Red River Delta region is the largest concentration of population of the country with 22.5 million people, accounting for nearly 23.4%; followed by the North Central and Central Coast with 20.2 million people, accounting for 21.0%. The Central Highlands is home to the least population with a total population of 5.8 million, accounting for 6.1% of the country's population.
The rapid and widespread urbanization process in many localities has affected the population growth in urban areas. The population in urban areas in Vietnam in 2019 was 33,059,735 people, accounting for 34.4%; In rural areas, there are 63,149,249 people, accounting for 65.6%. Since 2009, the proportion of urban population has increased by 4.8 percentage points.
The whole country has 82,085,729 Kinh people, accounting for 85.3% and 14,123,255 other ethnic people, accounting for 14.7% of the total population of the country. The main habitats of other ethnic groups are the Northern Midlands and Mountains and the Central Highlands. In the midland and northern mountainous areas, other ethnic groups account for 56.2%; this figure in the Central Highlands is 37.7%; 10.3% in the North and South Central Coast; In other regions, this rate accounts for no more than 8%.
The proportion of ever-married people aged 15 and over is 77.5%. In which, the married population accounts for 69.2%; 2.1% of the population has "divorced" or "separated" status; widowed population accounts for 6.2%. Proportion of never-married population aged 15 and over in urban areas is 6.7 percentage points higher than rural areas, respectively 26.8% and 20.1%. Females tend to marry earlier and more commonly than males: The proportion of males aged 15 and older who ever married is lower than females, respectively 73.4% and 81.5%.
About 91.7% of the school-age population is currently attending school. This rate of female is higher than that of male, 92.5% and 90.8%, respectively. Over the past 20 years, the proportion of the population in the school-age age group who has not gone to school (never attended or dropped out of school) has decreased significantly, from 20.9% in 1999 to 16.4% in the year. 2009 and also 8.3% in 2019.
There are 95.8% of people aged 15 and older who can read and write, an increase of 1.8 percentage points compared to 2009. The literacy rate of men is 97.0%, higher than 2.4 points. hundred compared to this rate in women. In the past 20 years, the female literacy rate increased by 7.7 percentage points; The gap in literacy between males and females is significantly narrowed. In 1999, the male literacy rate was 93.9%, higher than that of women by 7.0 percentage points; By 2019, the literacy rate of men reached 97.0%, higher than the percentage of women with 2.4 percentage points.
By the time of 0h on April 1, 2019, the whole country had 26,870,079 households, increasing by 4.4 million households compared to the time of 0h April 1, 2009. The average increase in the number of households per year was 1 8% / year for the period 2009-2019, 1.2 percentage points lower than the 1999-2009 period. This is the period with the lowest increase in household size in the past 40 years.
On average, each household has 3.5 people, 0.3 people lower than that of 2009. In urban areas, each household has 3.3 people / household, lower than rural areas. 0.3 people / household. The Northern Midlands and Mountains region has the highest average number of people per household (3.8 persons / household); The Red River Delta and South East regions have the lowest average number of households per household (3.3 persons / household).
Out of 26.9 million households, there are still 4,800 households without houses; On average, every 10,000 households have about 1.8 households without houses. The situation of homeless households is gradually improving in the last two decades, from 6.7 households / 10,000 households in 1999 to 4.7 households / 10,000 households in 2009 and now to 1.8 households / 10,000 households.
Most households in Vietnam are living in permanent or semi-permanent houses (93.1%). This rate in urban areas was 98.2%, 7.9 percentage points higher than in rural areas (90.3%). Over the past 20 years, since the 1999 Population and Housing Census, the proportion of households living in permanent and semi-permanent houses has increased sharply from 63.2% in 1999 to 84.2% in 2009. and reached 93.1% in 2019.
The average housing area per capita in 2019 is 23.5 m2 / person, higher than 6.8 m2 / person compared to 10 years ago. Urban residents have a higher per capita housing area than rural residents, 24.9 m2 / person and 22.7 m2 / person, respectively. There is no significant difference in the average housing area per capita among socio-economic regions.
According to the implementing agency, the Census showed that, over 10 years, the population size of our country increased at a slower rate than the period of 10 years ago. The educational level has improved, the proportion of people aged 15 and over who can read and write increases sharply; Most of the school-age children are going to school, the rate of out-of-school children has plummeted in the past decade.