Understand hard skills and how to perform them when looking for a job

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When it comes to finding the right resume skills, candidates often underestimate themselves by not drawing a comprehensive picture of their abilities – most notably, hard skills.

To help add value to your resume, here are key features of your hard skills and how to perform them to help you find your ideal job.

What are hard skills?

Hard skills are defined as the knowledge and ability required to perform a particular job. These hard skills are clearly defined, measurable, and acquired through training programs or courses.

For example, for engineers, the hard skills include computation, design. For salespeople, hard skills include product knowledge, research analysis, lead generation, data mining, and customer information management. These hard skills enable both the engineer and the salesperson to perform their respective job duties.

Employers pay great attention to the hard skills of a candidate when hiring talent for their company. Although there are exceptions, most candidates will have difficulty finding a job if they lack the necessary hard skills.

Top 5 hard skills are highly appreciated by employers

When looking for a job, making a list of your hard skills is essential. In addition to your professional knowledge, consider including in your CV the following skills that employers are looking for.

Foreign Language

Knowing more than one language will help you stand out from other Vietnamese-only candidates when applying to foreign companies or jobs with international clients or partners.

In many professions, bilingualism encompasses not only proficiency in casual communication and business situations, but also a deep understanding of professional issues relevant to the job.

There are a few top languages ​​that you can consider studying to facilitate your job search such as English, Japanese, Korean, Chinese and French.

Writting skill

In the modern working environment, employees in all fields need to demonstrate good writing skills. Even though you don’t need to write a novel, you will be sending mail to exchange, composing reports and for those messages to be understood correctly, you need to be able to write in a way that is easy to understand and well presented.

So, if you have the ability to edit, copywriting, and communicate via digital media, don’t forget to mention it to the employer.

Computer technology

Nearly every employee needs a basic understanding of computer technology to effectively perform their work in this day and age. However, many positions also require a deeper understanding of various hard skills related to computer technology. These may include Microsoft Office (Word, Excel, Outlook, PowerPoint), social media, content management systems (CMS), Google Drive, email …

Analytical skills

Analytical skills are skills of data collection, analysis, decoding of meaning and presentation. Regardless of what job you’re after, if you can show that you’re good at analyzing data, you’ll make a good impression on the employer.

Here are some analytical skills to put into CV: research, data mining, database management, data interpretation and indicators …

Math skills

You do not need advanced mathematical knowledge in a career but the ability to add and subtract basic numbers, calculate costs as well as interpret simple graphs and charts will be very useful in any career. Come on. For example, when a manager asks how long the rest of the project will take, you can use basic math skills to answer them as a three-week period. Keeping things on schedule is an important responsibility for anyone at work, and you can use basic math skills to better plan your schedule.

How to improve hard skills

Regular practice. Most hard skills take regular practice to become more proficient. The more practice you get, the better hard skills you need for a career. Therefore, schedule your training and track your progress.

Ask for constructive feedback and contributions. If you’re currently working with people mastering the hard skills you want to improve on, ask them for feedback and suggestions on your current performance and how you can improve. You can also refer to the steps they took to master their hard skills.

Attend courses. Many hard skills require training to master. Taking a class or online course is a great way to learn more about a hard skill as well as complete assignments to improve your skill level in that field.

How to highlight hard skills

When writing your CV and cover letter

It’s a good idea to include hard skills related to a job in both cover letters and CVs to make sure they get noticed by potential employers. On your CV, put your hard skills into the skills section so that they can be more specific. You can also mention the most important hard skills in the experience section as part of your previous job description.

In your cover letter, choose two or three hard skills to cover and give examples of how you used those skills to do well in your previous position.

When interviewing for a job

When you are interviewing, there are many ways you can show hard skills. One of them is the presentation directly to the employer. For example, if the job requires you to enter a certain number of words per minute, you may be asked to take a typing test. So be prepared to show off any hard skills that you have listed on your CV.

In addition, you may be asked to give details about when you have used your hard skills in the past. So, before you go to the interview, think about at least one example for each relevant hard skill relevant to the job application.

You can also bring any documentation showing you have completed the course or a certificate in hard skills to your interview. Preparing as closely as possible will help you successfully demonstrate hard skills and prove that you are qualified for the job.


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