After that is accomplished, the next step is to determine what the depth of the problem is, and how far it extends on problem networks. This would require finding out whether the particular network uses Huawei software and code or equipment that should be prohibited. He adds, “Does it go to the core of the network, like routers and servers? Or does it extend to antennas and radios that go to the edge part of the network? We need to figure out which equipment has issues.”
The final step is to remove the equipment considered to be a security risk. The Commissioner says that the best way to do this is to just “rip and replace.” For smaller carriers, who bought Huawei gear because it was less expensive, they will need funding from the FCC to afford such a project. This wouldn’t be considered a bailout; the decisions to buy cheaper and more affordable Huawei gear were made by rural wireless operators before it was clear that the Chinese manufacturer would officially be considered a national security risk. Based on bipartisan legislation, the cost to remove risky networking equipment from Huawei and other suppliers will run anywhere between $700 million and $1 billion.
The cost to remove risky equipment from U.S. networks could reach $1 billion
What is the risk? U.S. lawmakers are concerned that under the laws of communist China, Huawei could be forced to spy and gather intelligence on behalf of the government. And that has led many to suspect that Huawei products have hidden backdoors that can send American consumer and corporation secrets to Beijing; Huawei has denied this a number of times and company Chairman Liang Hua has offered to sign a “no-spy” agreement with any country. Meanwhile, the National Defense Authorization Act prevents the U.S. government from buying gear from both Huawei and ZTE.
While the four major U.S. carriers do not employ Huawei in their networks, Starks says that if the U.S. has just one carrier with a security problem, “then we all have a security problem.” Starks says that the FCC is thinking about pulling Universal Service Fund support for any carrier with “insecure” telecom equipment. The fund helps provide internet and telecommunications service to those Americans with low-income, and those living in rural areas.
Huawei is the largest networking equipment supplier in the world, and several countries are still debating whether to ban its gear in their 5G networks. So far, joining the U.S. in such a ban are Japan, New Zealand and Australia.