SSD is one of the electronic devices that help your computer operate faster and more sensitive. But not everyone knows how to choose the right product. As a regular user of computers, I am quite concerned about upgrading the hard drive for the machine. Here, I will share with you some experience I have gained in buying SSDs.
Why should you use an SSD?
1. Improve the productivity of computers
Compared to conventional hard drives, SSDs are made up of many Flash chips that are permanently installed on the motherboard or via the PCI / PCIE port. As a result, they have much faster read and write data. Even read and write speeds up to 10 times faster than HDD, reaching from 550MB / s to thousands of MB / s. As a result, the time to boot and run the application of the SSD machine is quite fast.
2. The product is durable
If the HDD hard drive must operate continuously from the reel and magnetic disc, the SDD will be fixed. This makes SSDs more durable than HDDs. Therefore, you will save a cost when not having to replace the hard drive too many times.
3. No noise when operating
As we often see, HDDs often have vibration and noise during use. This will make you feel uncomfortable and distracted. To overcome this, the SSD was born to bring smoother and smoother when saving and exporting data.
4. Improve the temperature of the machine
For computers that must be used continuously, there is usually a large amount of heat generated. However, because it is so solid with shock resistance, SSD has improved the temperature of the machine to make it more stable and safer.
5. Bringing data security
Thanks to the use of Flash memory, SSDs are able to store data safely and do not lose data even when the machine is suddenly disconnected. In addition, thanks to memorizing a blank page in a block, the data does not overwrite directly with each other, so there is almost no information loss.
6. Ensuring safety of power consumption
When using an SSD, your computer will significantly save power consumption by memorizing solid state.
7. Data fragmentation does not occur
Thanks to the circular surface of the SSD, data will be concentrated so that you can easily access it. In particular, there will be no fragmentation of data like conventional drives.
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SSD hard drive classification
1. Follow the NAND flash memory chip
Single Layer Cell
SSD SLC usually holds 1 bit of data on 1 cell but the ability to read and write data for high performance and durability. The price of SSDs of this type is often very expensive and therefore suitable for businesses.
Multi Layer Cell
MLC SSD can store 2 bits of data on cell. However, the speed of reading and writing durability data is not equal to that of SSD SLC. Therefore, more suitable for ordinary users, the price is also much cheaper.
Triple Layer Cell
TLC SSD can store up to 3 bits per cell but the read and write speed is not equal to other hard drives. But in return, the price is very cheap.
2. According to the existing interface of the SSD hard drive
SSD with SATA interface
SATA SSDs are limited to 6Gb / s and 2.5 inches in size. Thus, users can easily install for different laptops. However, this interface often requires a power supply port and is annoying for users when it takes time to wire in a computer case.
SSD with PCI Express interface
This interface has many advantages compared to SATA thanks to the speed of memory bandwidth up to 16Gbps and 4 times higher than the SATA standard. But PCI Express interface will be more expensive than SATA SSD.
SSD with M.2 interface
M.2 SSD has its own connection and takes advantage of its compact size. But still need SATA or PCI-E interface to operate. Of course, the data transfer rate also depends on one of these two interfaces.
M.2 SATA or M.2 PCI-E SSD types can be connected to M.2 port in Laptop. Particularly for the desktop mainboard, you need to be equipped with support devices to use it.
Some experience choosing SSD hard drive
1. Select the appropriate SSD hard drive series
But I have classified above, for the desktop series you should choose the type of SSD Sata. This type of drive is usually affordable and meets the needs of daily use. However, if you need to build a high-end system, you should choose M.2 PCI-E or PCI-E SSD to bring higher speed.
For 2.5 inch SATA III SSD laptops, it would be a good choice. These devices will provide better performance. However, the price of this communication will be higher.
2. Check the speed of operation and durability of the hard drive
When buying an SSD, you should prioritize devices with high performance and durability. As I see it, the speed of the hard drives are ranked from low to high as TLC, MLC and finally SLC.
For those who have basic needs, you should choose TLC because of its low price. For companies and businesses, SLC SSDs will be a better choice.
3. TBW index of the SSD hard drive
The TBW index indicates the lifetime of your SSD drive. Therefore, you need to refer to this index to know this index to know the hard drive limit. From there, you can tell if you’re about to replace a new SSD.
4. Check storage capacity
In case you want the computer to boot up and open the software quickly, you should choose SSD drives with a moderate capacity, namely about 128Gb. On the contrary, if you want to store data with high speed and stability, you should choose a drive with high capacity of about 500Gb to 4Tb. And of course, the higher the capacity, the more expensive it will be!
5. Additional features for SSDs
You should choose an SSD drive with built-in ECC error correction function to automatically detect and fix SSD errors. From there, limit loss and damage to data. However, the cost of this type of drive will be much higher.
6. Check if the hard drive is mounted inside or outside
If you often have to move, the external SSD will help you more convenient. On the contrary, SSD mounted inside the machine will ensure safety and avoid more damage.
7. Select hard drive according to economic conditions
Currently, there are many different types of SSDs on the market so the price range is different.
8. Select products of reputable brands
Choosing a reputable brand will determine the quality of the SSD. Therefore, you should prioritize famous brands that are trusted by many people. Although the price will be a bit high, the quality is very guaranteed.
9. Select the address to provide genuine hard drive
A genuine SSD address will give you the genuine product. This also determines the price of the product. Therefore, you should consult experienced people to get the best option.
In addition, you should also learn about the warranty policy so that you don’t have any trouble when your hard drive encounters malfunctions or failures.
Top 5 best SSD hard drives today
1. 2.5 inch Samsung SSD 860 Evo 250GB Sata III SSD
Samsung SSD 860 Evo 250GB Sata III 2.5-inch SSD
Basically, the 2.5 inch Samsung 860 Evo 250GB Sata III SSD is quite small, with 2.5 ″, 6.8mm so it is compatible with most laptops today. In terms of weight, the hard drive is quite light, apparently only a little heavier than USB.
I was quite impressed with the read speed (550MB / s) and write (520Mb / s) of the hard drive. Previously, my computer used to freeze when storing information, but now it runs faster and produces less heat. Although my computer has loads of programs running in the background, it only boots about 10 seconds.
My next plus point for hard drives is the ability to improve power. My feeling is that laptop battery lasts longer when I use this SSD. A nice feature of the 2.5-inch Samsung 860 Evo 250GB Sata III SSD is the Samsung Magician software. Overall, this software has a lot of good things like increasing the stability of the SSD, increasing security, increasing compatibility ….
This version has a capacity of 250GB so the ability to store information is quite good. A little advice for you is to choose a 250GB drive because when you install other software, this system will perform better.
Regarding the warranty, I have no complaints because the warranty lasts for 5 years. I see some of you have commented that the device is quite stark when first used. A tip to improve this is that you should turn off and restart, it will run much smoother. However, this type of hard drive market is often fake, so you need to be more careful.
2. Silicon Power SSD S55 120GB (TLC) Up To 550MB / s / 420MB / s
Silicon Power S55 SSD SSD 120GB (TLC) Up To 550MB / s / 420MB / s
On the outside, the Silicon Power S55 SSD 120GB (TLC) Up To 550MB / s / 420MB / s is larger than the 2.5-inch Samsung 860 Evo 250GB Sata III. Specifically 100 x 69.85 x 7.0 mm.
The first time, I took quite a while to mount the hard drive, because the screws around the drive do not match my computer very well. Trying to remove screws for a while to attach. Talk about ATTO read speed: 550MB / s | CDM: 460MB / s and write ATTO: 420MB / s | CDM: 370MB / s, I feel quite good but still not equal to the Samsung hard drive.
The capacity of the device is only 120GB, so it is more suitable for those who store less information. I am quite satisfied with the SLC technology of the drive so that the performance of the machine is more stable than conventional types. SATA III standard hard drive should be backward compatible with SATA 2 without affecting the data transfer speed very much.
On the other hand, I’m quite disappointed in the durability of the hard drive. After about 2 months of use, the device was completely frozen. I turned it off and rebooted but the computer said it was not receiving the drive. Therefore, you need to refer to the warranty to protect your rights.
Particularly with the ability to save power, it is acceptable, hard drive is not capable of reducing heat, so my computer is quite hot. But at this price, I don’t ask for too much.
3. Kingston SKC600 SATA SSD 3
Kingston SKC600 SATA 3 SSD
From the outside, I found the Kingston SKC600 SATA 3 SSD to be quite solid and light with dimensions of 100.1mm x 69.85mm x 7mm and weighs 40g. I myself have not used this type of hard drive but only use it thanks to a friend’s computer.
Basically, the performance of the hard drive is also in good condition thanks to the control chip of SM2259 Silicon Motion. I relatively satisfied the ability to write, read 550MB / S of the device. I tried playing games and using photo editing software, the device was quite sensitive, not very lag.
Talking about data security, I am quite comfortable thanks to Kingston’s self-encrypting mechanism and can support TCG Opal, AES 256-bit, eDrive. I tried installing the hard drive to my computer and found good compatibility, all kinds of Laptop and Desktop computers can be used.
Hard drives with capacities of 256GB, 512GB, 1TB, and 2TB allow large storage information. According to my research, the product has a life of 1 million hours MTBF and a 5-year warranty so you can feel secure when in trouble. However, I still have not really satisfied with the ability to improve the temperature of the machine, when using the machine continuously, the hard drive is often hot and quite noisy.
4. SanDisk Ultra II SSD Hard Drive 240GB (Up to 550/500 MB / s)
SanDisk Ultra II SSD Hard Drive 240GB (Up to 550/500 MB / s)
The fourth hard drive I would recommend is the SanDisk Ultra II SSD Drive 240GB (Up to 550/500 MB / s). My first impression of this product is the aluminum design which is quite sturdy with dimensions of 69.85 x 100.5 x 7.0 mm. This has made the hard drive more effective against shocks, even when the machine is hit.
Talking about the ability to protect machine data, I have nothing to complain. Thanks to S.M.A.R.T technology, I am quite assured that the SanDisk Ultra II SSD can detect errors and prevent loss of drive data. I see many people assess that the durability of the drive is poor, even lost data. I myself have just used it, so I feel quite good. But, this is also a matter of concern for you.
The capacity of the hard drive is smaller than the 2.5 inch Samsung 860 Evo 250GB Sata III SSD but still depends on the large storage capacity. The next plus point for me is the ability to extend battery life. According to my research, found that SanDisk Ultra II SSD does not have moving parts but has nCache 2.0 technology so it helps the machine save energy and increase battery life up to 15%.
5. Sata III SSD Drive 2.5 Inch 250GB Crucial MX500
Sata III SSD 2.5 Inch 250GB Crucial MX500
Sata III SSD 2.5 Inch 250GB Crucial MX500 is the last product that I want to mention to you. First of all, I appreciate the small and heavy floor design of the drive. Even use it for both macbook pro.
I was really impressed with the read speed of up to 560MB / s and the write speed of up to 510 MB / s with Crucial’s exclusive Dynamic Write Acceleration technology. Thanks to this, my device only takes about 5s to boot up.
The next plus point of the Sata III 2.5 Inch 250GB Crucial MX500 is its ability to operate smoothly and without warming due to the thermal sensor system so that the data protection is always safe. However, with the interface with a lot of traffic, I feel that the hard drive runs with lag but is not significant.
My favorite is the Crucial Storage Executive system of the drive. Because I can monitor and improve the performance of the hard drive more effectively. A little tip for you to help the drive improve performance by 10 times the original performance is to update the Firmware and enable Momentum Cache. As for 250GB capacity, I can store photos and videos comfortably.
Which SSD should I choose?
With the top 5 most popular SSDs I have just mentioned, I think the Samsung SSD 860 Evo 250GB Sata III 2.5-inch is the best. The product stands out for the following reasons:
Samsung SSD 860 Evo 250GB Sata III 2.5-inch SSD
Frequently Asked Questions
SSDs are known in English as “Solid-State Drive”. This is a hard drive formed by NAND flash memory chip and flash controller used to store data. In a simpler way, the data of a computer is stored thanks to a combination of flash memory chips. The device retains data even when the drive is not powered.
- SSDs should not be full, it is best to use up to 20% of the capacity.
- When using an SSD, you should install the operating system from Windows 7 or higher. Because of the previous versions, Microsoft stopped supporting, so you are easy to encounter troubles when using.
- For important data you should sign up and use additional cloud storage services.
- Limit use of Torrents to Download / Seed the data. This is due to the impact on the life of the SSD.
- Do not use the defragment program Disk Defragmenter because they have no effect. Otherwise, the life of the hard drive will be significantly reduced.
- Đối với Laptop hoặc PC đang thiếu Ram bạn buộc phải sử dụng bộ nhớ ảo Virtual Memory thì nên trang bị thanh Ram mới trước khi sử dụng ổ SSD. Việc sử dụng bộ nhớ ảo sẽ giảm khả năng hoạt động của của SSD.
SSD Fresh giúp tối ưu, tăng tuổi thọ SSD
Đây phần mềm quản lý, tăng tuổi thọ và tối ưu hóa khả năng hoạt động cho ổ cứng. Phần mềm này có thể: kiểm tra sức khỏe, tăng cường tốc độ truy cập dữ liệu và vô hiệu hóa chức năng khi không cần thiết… của ổ cứng,
CrystalDiskInfo giám sát sức khỏe ổ cứng
Phần mềm CrystalDiskInfo giúp người dùng kiểm tra các thông số của ổ SSD như: Thời gian sử dụng, sức khỏe ổ cứng, tốc độ đọc ghi, serial và bad sector.
Cập nhật Firmware SSD
Để ổ cứng có thể chạy tốt và không bị lỗi, bạn hãy cập nhật phần mềm firmware cho SSD. Tuy nhiên, mỗi nhà sản xuất sẽ có cách cập nhật riêng, do đó bạn nên lưu ý lựa chọn sao cho phù hợp.
Bật AHCI (Advanced Host Controller Interface)
AHCI là giao tiếp mới (SATA) thay thế cho giao tiếp IDE (ATA). Trong đó, tốc độ của truyền tải dữ liệu của SATA cao hơn so với ATA. Do đó, việc kích hoạt AHCI sẽ giúp ổ cứng hoạt động nhanh và tăng hiệu suất đọc ghi dữ liệu hơn.
Để bật AHCI, bạn hãy truy cập vào Bios của máy rồi kích hoạt chế độ AHCI tại mục cài đặt lả được. Với các dòng laptop mới, tính năng này đã được kích hoạt mặc định.
Kích hoạt TRIM
Trim có nhiệm vụ làm sạch và kéo dài tuổi thọ của ổ SSD. Để kích hoạt tính năng này, bạn hãy nhấn tổ hợp phím Windows và phím R để mở hộp thoại Run và chọn Command Prompt. Sau đó hãy nhập cms và chọn OK rồi nhập fsutil behavior set disabledeletenotify 0 và nhấn enter là hoàn thành.
Việc trang bị ổ cứng SSD cho máy tính của bạn sẽ tăng hiệu suất làm việc của máy đáng kể. Hiện nay, trên thị trường có rất nhiều loại ổ cứng khác nhau, theo mình đánh giá thì Ổ Cứng SSD Samsung 860 Evo 250GB Sata III 2.5 inch là tốt nhất. Sản phẩm đáp ứng được nhu cầu sử dụng với nhiều đối tượng và mục đích khác nhau.