The lake is formed by streams flowing from the river, or from perennial stagnant mountains, or from large melting glaciers, … And of course, the lake will also be easily depleted by direct impacts from nature. course.
The world has recorded 10 of the deepest lakes in the world, and these lakes are protected and recognized as a very valuable natural heritage. Let’s find out what is special about these lakes!
1. Lake Baikal – Russia (Depth 1,642 meters)
Baikal is the deepest and oldest lake in the world when it was formed 25 million years ago. A UNESCO World Heritage Site, with a depth of up to 1,642 meters, which accounts for about 20% of all year-round surface freshwater and a total volume of 23,615 km3 (cubic) of fresh water. Baikal is also the clearest lake in the world and has about 2,500 animals (including fish), the most distinctive species of Baikal is probably a seal and the people here call the name “Baikal Seal”.
2. Lake Tanganyika – Africa (Depth 1,470 meters)
Tanganyika has a total area of 32,900 km2 (square) and occupies in the region of four countries including Burundi; Zambia; Democratic Republic of Congo and Tanzania. It has a depth of 1,470 meters and a total volume of water of 18,900 km3. Lake Tanganyika also accounts for 18% of the total fresh water in the world. The most unique and unique fish in Tanganyika is the cichlid with about 250 different species.
3. Caspi Sea (Depth 1,025 meters)
Despite having the word “sea” in the name, Caspi is actually the lake, but it has long been known as the Caspian Sea. The Caspian Sea has a total area of 371,000 km2 (square) and includes 78,200 km3 (cubic) of water. Another reason for Caspian is called “sea” because the salinity in water (about 1.2%) is approximately 1/3 of the salinity of normal seawater but in some areas the water of the Caspian Sea is even more salty than that. seawater. The water flowing to the Caspian Sea is mainly provided by the Volga River, and it also occupies an area with other countries such as Iran; Russia; Turkmenistan; Kazashstan; Azerbaijan. The typical species of Caspian Sea is Sturgeon, people often catch sturgeon for eggs.
4. Lake Vostok – Antarctica (1,000 meters depth)
Lake Vostok may be the largest lake under the ice in all Antarctic lakes, named after Russia’s Vostok station when it was located there. The fresh water volume of Vostok is about 5,400 km3 and the total area is 15,690 km2 which is equivalent to the area of Lake Ontario – Canada. The image of Lake Vostok is difficult to format because it lies under an iceberg nearly 4,000 meters high – 500 meters above sea level.
5. Lake O’Higgins-San Martin – Argentina and Chile (Depth 836 meters)
O’Higgins-San Martin has a total area of 1,013 km2 and contains about 8,400 km3 (cubic) of water. The lake was named after two leaders who helped unify Argentia and Chile, in fact O’Higgins-San Martin is shaped like a multi-armed fingers, so the entire lake provides water for both territories Argentina and Chile.
6. Lake Malawi – Africa (Depth 706 meters)
Malawi is the second deepest lake in Africa after Tanganyika, Malawi spread over 3 territories including Malawi; Mozambique and Tanzania. The lake capacity is about 8,400 km3 (cubic) of water with many species of fish, Malawi is clear and “live well” over many years because of the abundant water from the Ruhuhu River. The main fish species living in Malawi are emperor fish with over 1,000 different species.
7. Lake Issyk-Kul – Kyrgyzstan (Depth 668 meters)
Issyk-Kul is the second largest saltwater lake after the Caspian Sea, it is located in an area with many large snowy mountains but it has never been frozen by itself. Issyk-Kul is also called “hot water” lake – in Kyrgyz . 2500 years ago, the lake used to be an urban area, today people still excavate the lake to learn more. Sadly, the Issyk-Kul Lake is slowly “depleting” its fish species due to overfishing, and there are seven species of fish that have been listed as endangered, the main species living in the lake is the Sevan salmon. .
8. Great Slave Lake – Canada (Depth 614 meters)
The Great Slave, also known as the Great Slave Lake, was named after the ancient Slavey Aborigines, the largest lake in North America. The lake has a length of up to 469Km with a total area of 27,200 km2 and a capacity of 2,088 km3 (cubic) of water. The Great Slave often freezes, appears to be permanent ice in some geographic location, a famous runway on the Great Slave Lake called Dettah and normal traffic.
9. Lake Crater – USA (Depth 594 meters)
Crater Lake was formed by the volcano collapsed 7,700 years ago to form a large crater. That’s why Crater is not supplied by any river nor flows anywhere, water is maintained around by snow. The area is about 53 km2 and has a water capacity of 18.7 km3. Crater is also famous for its beautiful scenery and clear water, this is also the deepest lake in the United States.
10. Lake Matano – Indonesia (Depth 590 meters)
Matano is the deepest lake in Indonesia in particular and Southeast Asia in general and there are many creatures that are unique in Matano but not elsewhere. Surface area of 161 km2, under the cages there are many ancient caves that are discovered.