Tonsillitis: causes, symptoms and treatment

Tonsillitis: causes, symptoms and treatment


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Tonsillitis is an infection of the palatine tonsils (close to the roof of the mouth) or lingual (close to the tongue). The problem is particularly frequent among children up to 10 years because the fabric is thicker at this stage than in adolescence and adulthood. Tonsillitis can be transient or chronic. There is also another type of tonsillitis, the result of chronic angina. This form of infection is called caseous tonsillitis.

  • Types of tonsillitis

    • Viral tonsillitis

    • Bacterial tonsillitis

    • Chronic tonsillitis

    • Caseous tonsillitis

  • Tonsillitis is contagious

  • Tonsillitis symptoms

  • Causes of tonsillitis

  • Tonsillitis treatment

  • Home remedy for tonsillitis

  • Complications of tonsillitis

Types of tonsillitis

Viral tonsillitis

THE viral tonsillitis it is the most common form of tonsillitis. The virus lodges in the tonsils and causes a defense reaction of the immune system, which causes redness and, in more severe cases, the formation of pus around the tonsils. Both actions are measures by the body to prevent the virus from spreading to other parts of the body, putting the patient’s integrity at risk.

Bacterial tonsillitis

THE bacterial tonsillitis is an infection usually caused by Streptococcus pyogenes. Its main difference to the viral form of tonsillitis is the occurrence of persistent fever accompanying the picture of pain of garrante, difficulty to swallow and redness.

Chronic tonsillitis

Among children, this form of the infection is known as hypertrophic tonsillitisas a consequence of successive infections and a delay in the acquisition of immunity. Among adults, the disease manifests itself when the amygdala starts to behave like a reservoir of microbes.

Caseous tonsillitis

The main cause of caseous tonsillitis it is an accumulation of dead skin, normally swallowed, in the crypts, small recesses in the tonsils, causing inflammation.

Tonsillitis is contagious

The possibility of contagion from tonsillitis will depend on the cause of the disease. In cases of viral tonsillitis, there is a risk of spreading the virus, but in general, the other infected person at most will show signs of flu and cold, not progressing to tonsillitis. In bacterial tonsillitis, streptococcus, to be transmitted to another person, can cause inflammation of the tonsils as a symptom of your infection.

Tonsillitis symptoms

The main symptoms of tonsillitis are sore throat, difficulty swallowing and the reddish color of the fabric, where the presence of pus, small white dots, is also noticed. Other symptoms are high fever, cough and tenderness of the lymph nodes in the neck. In cases of caseous tonsillitis, the patient also suffers from bad breath and ear pain.

Causes of tonsillitis

The main causes of tonsillitis, in any of its forms, are respiratory viruses (from cold and flu), mononucleosis and group A streptococcus bacteria.

Tonsillitis treatment

Benign tonsillitis usually disappears with a few days of rest and good hydration. In more severe cases, it is necessary to determine the cause of the problem to define the best treatment, which can be done with use of antibiotics or with surgery to remove the tonsils.

Home remedy for tonsillitis

Some home treatments are effective in combating tonsillitis. Among them are the cucumber juice with honey, lemon juice, tomato juice and pomegranate tea. Gargle with these liquids and try to keep them in the throat as long as possible to increase the action.

Complications of tonsillitis

There are two types of complications from tonsillitis: suppurative and non-suppurative. In the first group, one can observe cases of scarlet fever (infectious disease also caused by streptococcus) and glomerulonephritis (inflammation of the glomerulus, functional unit of the kidneys). In the second group, the main problem is the occurrence of abscesses.

Photo: © Suzanne Tucker – Shutterstock.com

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