The catastrophic traffic accident incident on NH1, which passed through Ham Tan district, Binh Thuan, happened around 1am on July 21, has not yet shocked the public. Specifically, the serious collision between the 16-seater passenger car BSK: 86B-01087 (Anh Trinh car – Ham Thang) in the direction of Phan Thiet – Dong Nai and truck BKS: 79N-0315 in the opposite direction caused 8 people died and 7 people were injured. During the investigation, the functional forces determined that the cause of the accident was due to the passenger car crossing the lane, hitting the truck in the opposite direction.
Just ten days earlier, another catastrophic accident also happened in Kon Tum province, killing 5 people. At around 4:00 am on July 11, at Km23 + 850 QL14C, in Ro Koi commune, Sa Thay district, Kon Tum, passenger car with the bed of the Supervisory Board: 36B-022.32 (on a car carrying 38 people) plunged into a 20m deep . As a result, 5 people died, 30 were injured, the fire police had to cut off the car to take the victims inside (including 5 confirmed victims) out. Worth mentioning, during the investigation, the functional forces detected a drug-positive auxiliary vehicle.
Before a series of catastrophic accidents occurred in a row, the Prime Minister sent a telegram to the ministries, branches and the People’s Committees of localities where the accident occurred to request investigation to clarify the cause and strictly handle the violation. . In particular, the Prime Minister asked the Ministry of Public Security to direct the police of Binh Thuan province and the local police where serious traffic accidents happened to urgently investigate and verify the cause; pay attention to check the alcohol and drug levels in the driver’s body for strict handling in accordance with the law, including handling the responsibility of the vehicle owner and the transportation business when the situation occurs. Driving with alcohol or drug violation.
At the same time, there is a plan to check and handle violations for passenger cars and cargo vehicles operating from 9 pm to 5 am. The Ministry of Transport together with the local Department of Transport shall comprehensively inspect the observance of business regulations and business conditions of transport by car for enterprises that are vehicle owners in the accident, inspect and investigate. safety components of traffic infrastructure on national highways such as NH1, NH5, QL14, NH51.
The old story is still new
It is also necessary to reiterate that the issue of whether to ban passenger cars, especially long-distance passenger cars and hilly roads at night, has been raised many times when a series of catastrophic traffic accidents were concerned by the public. Even in 2012, the Vietnam Automobile Transport Association sent a proposal to the Ministry of Transport (MOT) to prohibit passenger cars from running at night because of the potential danger of traffic accidents. However, Directorate for Roads of Vietnam rejected this proposal.
The Ministry of Transport has also repeatedly requested the Directorate for Roads of Vietnam; Vietnam Registry Department; Department of Science and Technology; Traffic Safety Department; The Department of Transport of the provinces and centrally-run cities strengthens the management of the operation of passenger cars and overnight buses. Accordingly, the Ministry of Transport requires the Department of Transport of the provinces and centrally-run cities to direct passenger transportation business units by car to carefully survey infrastructure conditions on the route, study construction. Operational plans including the use of a bed car suitable for the conditions of each route, especially on steep, winding roads with limited visibility.
For bed and night cars with a continuous journey of 4 hours or more, the transport business unit must arrange to ensure that each driver only drives continuously for up to 4 hours, then must replace the driver’s shift. other vehicles (the time to run at night is from 8:00 pm the previous day to 8:00 am the following day). The Ministry of Transport also requested to review and synthesize the number of bed and night buses in their locality and request businesses to formulate their operation plans under the direction of the Ministry of Transport to monitor and inspect the implementation …
At the end of 2013, the Ministry of Transport continued to request related units to strengthen the management of the operation of passenger cars and night buses. Request the Directorate of Roads to study and propose regulations on the management of bed and night cars and include them in the draft Decree of the Government on conditions for car transport business.
As a person who regularly travels by night bus from Hanoi to Ha Tinh, Nguyen Duc Hung in Ngoc Thuy, Long Bien, Hanoi shares: “I choose to travel by night bus from Hanoi to Hanoi. Static because it is quite convenient, saves time. Normally, around 9:00 am, I take the bus from Hanoi to take a bus, get on the bus and sleep for a night to arrive in Ha Tinh without losing any time during the day. According to Hung, like many people who regularly travel by night bus, although there are concerns about safety, because of its convenience as well as saving time, many people still choose.
Expressing his views on long-distance night-driving cars that easily cause catastrophic accidents, Dr. Tran Huu Minh – Deputy Chief of the Office of the National Traffic Safety Committee said, on human circadian rhythm, from 23:00 to 6:00 am is a time frame for rest, so driving is often tired and sleepy. In addition, this is also a quiet time, plus the notion that the functional force is less controlled and punished, so the driver has a subjective mentality that is easy to speed up and overtake.
In addition, there are poor lighting at night, so drivers will be slower to recognize and respond to situations. According to the National Traffic Safety Committee, the number of accidents occurring at night, from 6am to 6am, is usually 2-3 times larger than daytime and traffic accidents related to sleep occupy up to 30% of total traffic accidents in a year. This partly shows that driving in the dark is always potentially dangerous, requiring the driver to be more careful.
From the perspective of transport enterprises, Mr. Nguyen Quoc Manh – Director of Dien Bien Automobile Transport Joint Stock Company said that the accident that happened first of all was the responsibility of the vehicle owner and the driver. From the case of a passenger car crashing across the railing of the Serepok bridge many years ago to the recent Binh Thuan incident, it is mostly due to driving errors, not technical errors. According to Mr. Manh, under the pressure from the fierce supply-demand competition in transport, plus the loosening control and the behavior of white contracting for the driver, the health and spirit of the driver or the traffic safety management department Businesses are not interested.
The coordination of forces in checking and handling violations at night is also almost left open. Mr. Nguyen Van Quyen – Chairman of the Vietnam Automobile Transport Association said that according to regulations, drivers must not drive more than 10 hours a day and must not drive for more than 4 hours continuously, both enterprises and All drivers are responsible for the implementation. However, in reality, the control and handling of overtime, speeding and driving violations have not been focused on.
Therefore, Dr. Tran Huu Minh said that it is time to tighten the regulations when transporting during night time. In particular, it is necessary to specify that the driver should be fully rested and specify who is responsible for supervision. In addition, there is a need to build a law that prohibits pressure on drivers’ time, and drivers need to be provided with full risk analysis on the roadmap.
Referring to the driver’s time regulation, Mr. Minh said that it is necessary to change driving no more than 2 hours at night instead of 4 hours as currently and the maximum speed at night is 10 km / h lower than daytime. It is necessary to continue to install dense cold-penalty cameras on national highways and road centers must have reflective nails to assist drivers at night. “At the same time, it is necessary to add knowledge of driving skills at night to driving test, especially for drivers of transport business.
Traffic police need to increase inspection on vehicles with seat belts and strictly punish the failure to wear seat belts on transport business vehicles. If people in the car wore seat belts, the number of casualties would be reduced by up to 70%. To have a basis for implementation, all the above contents must be added to the current legal documents ”- Mr. Minh proposed.
According to Mr. Do Cong Thuy – Deputy Director of Transport Department, Directorate for Roads of Vietnam, controlling the driver’s time is primarily the responsibility of the business. State management agencies only aggregate inspection and processing data. “Article 12 of Decree 10/2020 on business and transport business conditions specifies cruise monitoring equipment.
Accordingly, information from the vehicle’s vehicle tracking device is used in State management and operations management of the transport business unit and is connected and shared with the Ministry of Public Security and the Ministry of Finance to perform the State management of traffic order, safety, security and tax. In the revised Law on Road Traffic, the Ministry of Transport added many regulations to tighten safety conditions for drivers and businesses ”- Mr. Thuy said.
In a recent voter response document, the Ministry of Transport also said that the Ministry of Transport is assigning the Directorate of Roads of Vietnam to study and build a driver management software for transport business. Accordingly, drivers will be managed from start to finish driving transport business. At the same time, the Directorate for Roads of Vietnam will continue to inspect and direct the Department of Transport to strengthen the inspection of business and business conditions at the transport unit, thereby detecting and promptly handling infringement case.
Regulations will be added to tighten nighttime passenger cars
The driver’s time control is first of all the responsibility of the enterprise, State management agencies only synthesize data for inspection and handling. Article 12 of Decree 10/2020 on transport business and business conditions specifies cruise monitoring equipment. Accordingly, information from the vehicle’s vehicle tracking device is used in State management and operations management of the transport business unit and is connected and shared with the Ministry of Public Security and the Ministry of Finance to perform the State management of traffic safety and order; security; tax. In the revised Law on Road Traffic, the Ministry of Transport added many regulations to tighten safety conditions for drivers and businesses.
Mr. Do Cong Thuy – Deputy Director of Transportation Department, Directorate for Roads of Vietnam