We often talk about crash tests for road cars, because they are the cars we drive every day and understand how important their collision handling is. What about racing cars? Of course they also need to be checked, because safety on the track is actually even more important.
In fact, racing cars need to go through the same crash tests as street cars, but the difference is that the tests become much heavier, more stressful. The Formula 1 race introduced the crash test procedure in 1985, and its homepage states that the current testing process includes movement impact tests, static load tests and testing. Flip.
In particular, the test impact movement is carried out on the front, side, and rear of the chassis, plus the steering column. The driver’s survival frame must not be damaged during the test. The weight of the test chassis, including mannequins, is 780 kg. The front impact test was carried out at 15 m / s (54 km / h), the side was 10 m / s (36 km / h), and the rear was 11 m / s (39.6 / h). km / h).
These speeds seem to be slow, but are chosen to best measure the ability to absorb unwanted inertia in a car crash. Maximum deceleration limit, energy absorption and deformation are precisely determined. For example, in the frontal collision test, the deceleration index measured on the mannequin’s chest should not exceed 60G (about 60 times the body weight) within 3 milliseconds of the impact.
But perhaps the most interesting thing about racing crash tests, besides the fact that it keeps the driver safe, is to witness the insanity of each test. Below is a video showing a racing car dropped from the ceiling in an upside down position:
Video test of dropping the racing car
And here is a video of a car crashing into a wall:
The video of crashing into a wall
In addition, another useful information is that Formula 1 vehicles often perform tests at Cranfield Impact Center in the UK, and here are some videos of crash tests in the past:
Safety video inspection impact from behind
Video checking safety effects on the nose of the car