At present, the equipment for fire extinguishers has become mandatory according to regulations. However, many people still do not know the need to equip a fire extinguisher on how to properly and appropriately?
Currently, according to the regulations of the Ministry of Public Security, if the car is not fully equipped with fire protection equipment, it will be punished. Depending on the type of vehicle, there will be specific requirements for fire protection equipment, especially fire extinguishers. Here are some experiences of buying car fire extinguishers to help you choose the best, suitable one.
Fire extinguishers are compulsory items in cars
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Should buy the number and weight average for each vehicle
For cars with a seating capacity of 4 to 9 seats, only 1 fire extinguisher weighing under 4kg or less than 5 liters is required. For cars with 10 to 15 seats, it is necessary to equip 1 fire extinguisher weighing 4 – 6kg or 5 – 9 liters. For cars with 16 to 30 seats, you need to buy 2 fire extinguishers: 1 small fire extinguisher weighing less than 4kg or less than 5 liters and 1 larger fire extinguisher weighing 4 – 6kg or 5-9 liter.
Should be equipped with a sufficient number of fire extinguishers as prescribed
For cars over 30 seats, you need to buy 3 fire extinguishers: 1 small bottle weighing less than 4kg or less than 5 liters and 2 larger ones weighing from 4 to 6kg or from 5 to 9 liters. For semi-trailers or passenger trailers towed by tractors or cars, two fire extinguishers are required: 1 small cylinder weighing less than 4kg or less than 5 liters and 1 large cylinder weighing from 4 – 6kg or from 5 – 9 liters.
Choose the right type of fire extinguisher
Currently, there are many different types of fire extinguishers on the market, so it is necessary to choose the appropriate type of fire extinguisher. According to the regulations of the Ministry of Public Security, all vehicles are required to equip one of four types of fire extinguishers: CO2 extinguisher, additive water tank, powder fire extinguisher, foam fire extinguisher.
However, powder fire extinguishers and CO2 fire extinguishers are the best types of fire extinguishers for cars. Water and foam fire extinguishers are still an option, but not an optimal option. Each type of fire extinguisher will have its own advantages and disadvantages because they are composed of different chemical components. So, depending on the purpose of use, needs and depending on the type of vehicle, you should choose the most appropriate type of fire extinguisher. Ideally, before buying you should carefully study the components, functions, usage of the bottle to choose the most suitable form for your car.
There are 4 types of automobile fire extinguishers
Powder fire extinguishers have the drawback that the chemical components to put out the fire in salt containers should be corrosive, leaving dirt difficult to clean. So when choosing to buy this type of equipment fitted on the car, you should be careful to avoid spraying on places with many electronic devices. However, the advantage of this type of bottle is that it is easy to use, less dispersed in the air, so it can extinguish the fire very quickly and can be used in a large space but the price is cheaper than CO2.
CO2 fire extinguishers have the advantage of fast and clean fire, leaving no dirt or harm to the equipment during the extinguishing process. However, the disadvantage of this type of bottle is that it is not recommended to use firefighting in large spaces because CO2 is diffuse but easily suffocates in very tight spaces. In addition, CO2 fire extinguishers will usually go away quickly and are more expensive than powders of the same weight.
Should buy fire extinguishers in reputable and quality facilities
In order to choose to buy the best and most suitable automotive fire extinguisher, you should choose a reputable, quality and qualified fire extinguisher sales establishment and business license. In addition, you should carefully check the product before buying to see if there are sufficient labels, expiry date to buy the best quality products.
To ensure safety for themselves when participating in traffic, it is necessary to equip fire prevention and fighting equipment on vehicles. However, we should not arbitrarily choose to buy fire extinguishers, but need to find out the product to choose the best and most appropriate type.
Some notes for safe storage of fire extinguishers to avoid explosion in cars
Equipping vehicle fire extinguishers with mandatory regulations to ensure safety when participating in traffic. But there have been cases of explosion in cars that the main cause is fire extinguishers. The reason for fire extinguisher fire is due to improper storage of fire extinguishers on cars.
Fire extinguishers are very flammable if stored improperly
In our country, in the summer, the environment temperature is often very high and the heat is hot, but the fire extinguisher on cars is usually only able to withstand temperatures of about 55 degrees C. At that time, if you drive or stop parking for a long time with hot weather, high temperatures will make the temperature inside the car very high. So, if you store the car extinguishers incorrectly, it can cause a fire extinguisher fire hazard. So how to store fire extinguishers on cars safe, not explosive? Here are some notes on how to store fire extinguishers on cars safely.
Do not place fire extinguishers in high temperatures
Fire extinguishers can only withstand temperatures below 55 degrees Celsius. When the ambient temperature is high, exceeding the limit of the fire extinguisher, the volume of liquid in the tank will also increase. And at a time when the pressure in the tank was too great, it would make the fire extinguisher explode. Especially for cars often have to move outdoors, the greater the temperature in the car is very likely to cause fire extinguishers.
Do not place the extinguisher in high temperatures
Therefore, to store fire extinguishers safely, we should not place them in places exposed to direct sunlight. Absolutely do not place fire extinguishers in positions such as a tray under glass, a front dashboard, A-angle corner, where there is high temperature, etc. on cars to limit the risk of fire extinguishers.
Fire extinguishers should be placed in a cool place
To limit the risk of fire in the car, you should choose to put the fire extinguisher in a cool place with a temperature below 50 degrees C. It is advisable to place the fire extinguisher in places where the inside of the car is close but right at the fingertips of drivers so that they can handle them in time if something happens to them. You can place the fire extinguisher on a water dispenser or place it on a car door or just below the driver’s seat or under the passenger seat above. However, it must be ensured that the place is cool, dry, the temperature is not too high and does not hinder the driving process.
Fire extinguishers should be placed in a cool place
Regularly check and service your fire extinguishers properly
Immediately after buying a fire extinguisher in your car, you should try to spray a little first to both practice directly and help reduce the pressure in the tank. Reducing the pressure of fire extinguishers will greatly limit the risk of fire and explosion in vehicles. Limit movement of fire extinguishers. If so, should move gently to avoid the situation of shock, shock caused the pressure in the tank to increase very easily explosive.
Should regularly check the status of fire extinguishers
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Depending on the type of fire extinguisher fitted on your car, you should pay attention to the use time and the average condition is not good. Therefore, it is recommended to check the extinguishers regularly according to the time specified by the manufacturer. For a powder jar, the best time to use is about 5 years. As for the CO2 bottle, it will depend on the amount of gas still inside the bottle so we can check by weighing the amount of air in the bottle.
After using for a long time of about 5 years, it is recommended to check the hydraulic of the tank shell if satisfactory will continue to use. If there are any problems, they need to be replaced to ensure safety. Besides, you also need to regularly check the parts on the jar are working well. To prevent fire extinguishers from cars from exploding, we should equip ourselves with adequate knowledge about how to use and store them. Check the status of your fire extinguisher regularly to ensure it is always in working and safe condition.