Kazakhstan reaffirms the absolute importance of relations with Russia
According to The Astana Times, on April 29, in an interview with media outlet Mir Interstate, President Kassym Jomart Tokayev expressed his views on Kazakhstan’s foreign policy, especially its relations with neighboring Russia.
According to Tokayev, Nur-Sultan’s foreign policy is derived from Kazakhstan’s position as a nation that acts as a bridge between the two Eurasian continents to maintain a balance between the West and the East.
“Foreign policy reflects the geopolitical situation of our country and its geographical position. But in diplomacy, we attach special importance to allied relations and strategic partnerships with Russia. This relationship is of utmost importance to us. “
This is clearly reflected in the Joint Declaration of Russia-Kazakhstan during the first overseas visit of President Tokayev, which affirmed and strengthened the comprehensive alliance and strategic partnership between Russia and Kazakhstan.
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About bilateral, Kazakhstan and Russia are neighbors and strategic allies for the 21st century. Russia and Kazakhstan are important economic partners of each other. Bilateral trade and investment-cooperation develop at a steady pace.
In 2019, the trade turnover reached 18 billion USD. Russian investment in Kazakhstan to 2019 reached nearly 13 billion USD, Kazakhstan’s investment in Russia was nearly 4 billion USD. Russian business is present in all areas of the Kazakh economy.
There are more than 6,000 Russian-owned companies in the Kazakh market. The most important projects involving Russian investors in Kazakhstan include mineral fertilizer production, telecommunications services and non-ferrous metal ore mining.
Bilateral cooperation in the peaceful use of nuclear energy continues with six Russian-Kazakh uranium mining and enrichment activities. New forms of cooperation are underway, including the construction of a nuclear power plant.
Close and mutually beneficial bilateral cooperation in space projects, especially within the framework of work at Baikonur Cosmodrom, has also been established. In 2018, the contract to lease Russia’s Baikonur space airport was extended until 2050.
Russia-Kazakhstan’s defense and military technology cooperation is also intensifying, as at the universities of the Russian Ministry of Defense and other security agencies, Russia is helping Kazakhstan train military experts.
In the traditional field, Russia supports Kazakhstan to train highly qualified human resources in various fields. More than 73,000 Kazakh students and students are studying at Russian universities.
More than 60 Kazakh universities and educational institutions have established contact with 39 Russian universities as part of the educational cooperation program. Russian scientists actively participate in research projects in Kazakhstan.
About multilateral, President Tokayev – who served at the Soviet Embassy in Singapore, 1975-1979 – argues that the nature of Kazakhstan-Russia relations is expressed through the structures that Moscow and Nur-Sultan join.
|Russia-Kazakhstan relations have many interests intertwined in multilateral institutions|
They are the Eurasian Economic Union (EAEU), the Shanghai Cooperation Group (SCO), the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), and institutions that play a key role in shaping security. security and regional cooperation.
Perhaps, in international relations, there is not as many special and comprehensive relationships as post-Soviet Russia-Kazakhstan relations. It was this relationship that shaped movements in Central Asia in particular, in post-Soviet space in general.
The United States has not been able to afford to make Kazakhstan move in the Russian phase
President Kassym Jomart Tokayev expressed his views on Kazakhstan’s foreign policy in the context that Nur-Sultan was thought to be in phase out of motion with Moscow, even though Kazakhstan was moving in a Russian standard deviation.
It was identified after a visit by US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo to the “Central Asia stir” in early February, along with what Nur-Sultan and Washington showed and pledged after the political-opposition event. This special foreign.
As a reminder, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo paid a visit to Nur-Sultan on February 1 and February 2, reaffirming Washington’s commitment to strengthening America’s strategic partnership with Kazakhstan.
Speaking at a meeting with US Secretary of State, President Tokayev said that Kazakhstan-US relations had a very special starting point. “The United States is the first country to recognize Kazakhstan’s independence. We always remember this historical truth.
We have very close relationships in many areas, including non-proliferation of nuclear weapons, countering international terrorism and economic cooperation. I believe we have a good potential to continue expanding our cooperation, “The Astana Times reported.
Meanwhile, Kazakh Foreign Minister Mukhtar Tileuberdi said that the strategic partnership with the United States is built on institutions and predictable relationships to support the peaceful and prosperous development of Kazakhstan.
“The United States is the largest investor in the Kazakh economy. The two sides are currently seeking ways to diversify their investments. Kazakhstan has considered the United States to be a new source of investment, technology and knowledge, as well as standards. world class, “Mr. Tileuberdi revealed.
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In 2018, bilateral trade reached US $ 2.1 billion, an increase of 57% compared to 2017. As of July 2019, the US direct investment accounted for 18.5% of the total FDI. outside of Kazakhstan, with an investment of nearly $ 31.23 billion
The United States and Kazakhstan have paid attention to expanding the legal and regulatory framework with new agreements, in order to further diversify economic partnerships and enhance interaction in the regional format. Reduce focus on excessive investment in the oil and gas sector.
For his part, Secretary of State Pompeo considers the United States a longtime friend with Kazakhstan. “Just 24 hours after you became independent in 1991, my predecessor, James Baker, came here to support your vision of a prosperous, sovereign nation.”
According to Pompeo, since 1993, the United States and Kazakhstan have cooperated closely on security and non-proliferation of nuclear weapons. The Trump administration is about to announce its Central Asia strategy, and it is not difficult to identify US-Kazakhstan relations as the core.
However, after reviewing history, listing achievements, and suggesting future good things, the former CIA Director offered arguments that were identified by observers as both encouraging and encouraging. just alert to Nur-Sultan.
“We fully support Kazakhstan’s freedom to choose cooperation with any country we want. But I am confident that the country can bring the best results for Kazakhstan when it comes to cooperation. is American.
Partnerships with America like this are good for everyone. This is the best way for Kazakhstan to develop, prosper, have its own security and strategic relations not only with the US but across the region. “
Seemingly realizing that it is time to mature for the adjustment of Kazakhstan-Russia relations, when Russia has difficulty due to sanctions, its ability to support Kazakhstan decreases, and especially there is political transition in Kazakhstan, so Washington “fired”.
But, as President Tokayev asserted, the geopolitical situation and geographical position of Kazakhstan, making cooperation with Russia remain the core of Nur-Sultan’s foreign strategy.
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Besides, during the first trip to Central Asia, Mike Pompeo has restarted the Format C5 + 1, helping Vladimir Putin to see Russia’s “true friends” and the entities “. I will kill the ticks “, thereby eliminating the aftermath.
The rush of the former CIA Director motivated the former KGB agent to use the tools to create benefits and empower the trajectory in Central Asia, leaving the United States unable to create value soon. Russian standard deviation in this area.
Not only that, while Washington was seeking to rewrite history, reassess the role of the Soviet Union in World War II, Nur-Sultan – directly President Tokaev – declared intolerance to revisionism. back to the role of the Soviet Union.
Thus, it is clear that the United States could not afford to cause the Nur-Sultan to move out of phase of Moscow, let alone the movement of the standard deviations from Russia. Central Asia remains within the control-ability of former KGB agent Vladimir Putin.