The atomic bomb and the hydrogen bomb (the hydrogen bomb) are the two most powerful bombs today. According to experts, hydrogen bombs are 1000 times more powerful than the atomic bomb. Is this true?
Compare the difference between atomic bombs and hydrogen bombs. How terrible is the destructive power of each bomb.
Humans witnessed the tremendous destructive power of the atomic bomb when the US dropped two bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki of Japan, killing more than 200,000 people.
Nuclear bomb explosion in Nagasaki, Japan.
Atomic bombs generate destructive energy through fission, which divides atomic nuclei into other smaller atoms. The first, an electrically neutral nuetron in the atom’s nucleus collides with a plutonium or uranium nucleus, causing the nucleus to break apart into the elements barium and krypton.
This process releases energy in the form of radioactive gamma rays, some neutrons and heat. The generated neutrons continue to repeat the division until the reactive fuel runs out. Chain reaction time is only about a millionth of a second.
An atomic bomb was equivalent to 1,000 tons to several hundred thousand tons of TNT.
Hydrogen bombs (thermonuclear bombs)
Hydrogen bombs work by fusing two light nuclei (hydrogen) into one heavier nucleus (helium). It is this fusion that is taking place on the Sun and is what makes it so bright and so hot.
However, an enormous amount of energy is required to create this fusion. This condition can only be met by an atomic bomb explosion. Therefore, the structure of a hydrogen bomb is a double bomb. The atomic bomb must first be detonated to facilitate the fusion reaction. Meanwhile, a series of atoms fuse together, converting into energy with more powerful destructive power than a normal atomic bomb.
Hydrogen bombs are extremely destructive. The energy released from a hydrogen bomb explosion could instantly destroy anything within a radius of a few kilometers. Explosions can create fire storms; Intense white light can cause blindness; Radioactive dust and by-products can poison living organisms, polluting the air, soil, and water resources for hundreds of years.
- Terrifying secret on the island people dare not set foot
- What is left of the Earth if all the nuclear bombs in the world start to fire at the same time?