Oscar Nilsson is a Swedish archaeologist and sculptor. He is an expert in the field of human face reconstruction. The number of hours for regeneration can be up to 200 hours. The skull is 3D printed to preserve the original structure. However, all the details left on the face are done manually.
In 1996, Nilsson founded O.D.Nilsson, cooperating with museums around the world and helping them recover the faces of the corpses discovered during archaeological excavations.
"His face is a motif that has never stopped attracting me. The transformation of the basic structure as well as the variety of details seems endless. Every face I have restored is unique. They are all separate individuals"- Nilsson shared.
In 2012, a grave in northwestern Peru was unearthed by a group of Polish archaeologists. There are remains of 58 aristocrats of different ages in the grave, buried with luxury items.
Among them is a woman – bearing the nickname Queen Huarmey buried in the most luxurious way. She rested with lots of jewels and other luxury items, including gold earrings, silver cups, copper axes and expensive textiles. At that time, textiles were more valuable than gold and silver because the weaving process took time and effort. Sometimes it will take two to three generations to weave fabrics.
After careful examination, archaeologists discovered Queen Huarmey spent most of her time sitting and weaving. She was evaluated for her expertise in this area, because her resting place was filled with gold weaving tools.
2. A young woman who lived in the Stone Age (about 5,500 years ago)
This girl died at the age of 20, was buried with an infant. Perhaps the cause of her death was the difficulty of giving birth. Although DNA is not well preserved, but from other tombs discovered during that period, it can be said that people living in Brighton (UK) are not white people. Their skin color is similar to today's North African people.
3. Estrid Sigfastdotter
Archaeologists think this is Estrid Sigfastdotter – a woman who lived in the 11th century AD. She is a wealthy and influential person, living near Stockholm, Taby. Some traces found in the burial site also tell a lot about her life and family.
She has a very high life expectancy – 80 years, although in the Viking era, the average life expectancy is only 35 years old. Her body was found near a stone monument honoring her first husband, who died in Byzantium. Perhaps, Estrid was involved in developing his homeland, building more bridges and roads.
4. Adelasius Elbachus
This is a young and handsome man from Switzerland. He lived in the 7th century AD and was named Adelasius Elbachus by researchers. The skeleton shows that he is malnourished and chronic infection. But in return, he has a healthy, even and beautiful teeth – something quite rare at the time.
This man is said to be a Swedish Viking, living in the early 11th century. During the first re-creation of the Viking image, artist Nilsson was able to gather enough DNA needed to recreate the skin, hair and eyes. This man has red hair, blue eyes and white skin. He died at age 45.
6. Neanderthal woman
This woman lived at 45 – 50 thousand years ago. Her remains were discovered during excavations in 1848 in Gibraltar. What is interesting is that this image makes many people think of her in the Kitchen God. The similarity must be up to 80%.
On his Facebook, Nilsson wrote: "I was thinking about how to express the" people "on this face? They are not smart people (Homo sapiens). Finally, I decided that she must have a human look. In recent studies, Europeans share 2-4% of DNA with Neanderthals. Therefore, they must be very similar to us. If not, the next generation will not be born.
7. People in the Neolithic period
This is a man from 25-40 years old, living about 5,500 years ago.
8. The man who lives in England in the Saxon era
This man died at about 45 years old. The skeleton shows that he is a very strong person. Based on permanent abscesses, it is known that he lost many teeth and part of the upper jaw. Perhaps he died in the process of infection. On his body there were also traces of injuries from being attacked. When he was alive, he might have been a soldier.
9. A young woman lived at 9,000 years ago.
Avgi is an 18-year-old girl who lived at 7,000 BC. Where she lives is the modern Greek country.
10. The Iron Age man in England
The skeleton shows that this is a man who lived about 2,400 years ago. He was very strong, but like many people in that era, he died quite early when he was 24 years old. This person has many interesting features and has a unique tooth structure – open teeth. His hair is similar to the German tribes.
11. Birger Jarl
He was the ruler of Sweden from 1248 until his death on 1 October 1266 in Västergötland.
The remains of this woman showed that she had to go through a difficult life and had to work hard. She died at about 25 – 35 years old. During excavation, many nails were found near the remains, perhaps symbolizing different beliefs. It is said that in the tombs of that period also spread nails in the center and along the circumference. Perhaps, people at that time believed that by doing so, the souls of the dead would not return to harm them. Or simply the result of closing the coffin.
13. Middle-aged man in Sweden
"The test results showed that the man now lived in the years 1470 – 1630. The bone analysis showed that he was suffering from os acromiale – a defect in the shoulder bone that is closely related to the use of crossbow. Therefore, the predetermined period of time can be narrowed from 1470 to 1540, because feathered bows and arrows have gradually become obsolete in the mid-16th century."Nilsson said.