The effect of ABS anti-lock braking system

The effect of ABS anti-lock braking system


What is the effect of ABS anti-lock braking system? In fact, does the ABS brake system help the driver get out of dangerous situations?

What is ABS anti-lock braking system?

Today, most car manufacturers are equipped with ABS safety brake system for their cars. ABS is an acronym for the Anti-Locking Brake System, which simply means the anti-lock braking system. This is one of the active safety features required in today’s cars to minimize losses and ensure safety for car users.

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Normally, when the vehicle is equipped with the ABS anti-lock braking system, there will be a signal on the dashboard. It should be noted that if a car is equipped with ABS but the signal light does not light up after turning on the key for 3 seconds, it is necessary to find out the cause and adjust.

The ABS brake system icon on the monitor screen

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Design of ABS anti-lock braking system

When driving a car, if the driver does not look at the symbols of the ABS brake system, the driver cannot feel the vehicle is equipped with ABS brakes or not. Because when operating a car and using a car brake in normal conditions, the driver will not feel a big difference between a vehicle equipped with an ABS brake and a vehicle not equipped with ABS. Only when an incident occurs and the vehicle brakes have to work in sudden conditions will the anti-lock braking system be effective.

Diagram of ABS braking system on cars

The structure of the ABS system in the car includes parts such as ECU with hydraulic controller, anti-lock brake controller, ABS warning light, front wheel sensor and car rear wheel sensor, equipment. Pressure regulator … There are many types of ABS brake system such as pneumatic ABS brake system, hydraulic ABS brake system …

The anti-lock braking system ABS works according to the principle of processing information from the front and rear sensors of the wheel to give an order to close or open the oil valve. When the rider presses the brake pedal hard, brake fluid is applied to the brakes in each wheel. ECU collects and processes information from the sensors and when it detects that the wheel is about to be locked, the valve will close and no longer supply the brake fluid. The brake fluid is then re-pumped to keep the car rolling during slow deceleration, and the wheels won’t lock.

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What is the effect of ABS in cars?

In real-world travel, situations in which the vehicle is moving in slippery conditions such as the road getting wet due to rain water, mud, freezing or sudden braking when there are obstacles are inevitable.

The duty of the ABS system will help prevent the wheels from locking when braking.

In the actual case, when there is an obstacle, the driver often pushes the brake very hard or steers to the sides. However, in both cases, mistakes can occur, leading to bad consequences. Therefore, the driver’s mastery of the steering wheel, the brakes are not locked, will help the car avoid dangerous situations such as overturning, diverting the steering wheel from the changing lane and colliding with vehicles Other… Especially in the case of low-friction road surface, the level of locking wheel increases to 4 wheels, the danger will be higher.

The direction of travel of the vehicle is ABS and not equipped with ABS

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When there is a situation where the driver needs to hold the steering wheel firmly, relax his shoulders and push the brake hard, the brake pedal will release continuously for a few seconds until the car decelerates or stops completely to avoid an accident. will be self-regulating by the system. The driver should also pay attention during use, if the vehicle equipped with an ABS brake needs to brake firmly, do not release continuously because it is the duty of the ABS anti-lock braking system in the car. Turning and releasing the brake while the ABS system is working makes the anti-lock braking system ineffective.

However, the advantage is also the disadvantage of the ABS anti-lock braking system that the brake system acts as a support for the driver will lead to neglect, loss of guard and dependence on safety features. This initiative.

Hoai An

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