The survey was conducted with 1,256 Bangkok residents from different educational and professional backgrounds from January 15-16, to collect their opinions to assess the effectiveness of problem solving. PM2.5 by state agencies handling.
Accordingly, 81.06% of the respondents assessed that state agencies responsible for solving this issue were ineffective. Of these, 40.84% said that state agencies were not handling it effectively because they lacked specific measures to solve problems such as imposing strict controls on construction works. facilities to discharge black smoke or other culprits, while 36.22% said that government agencies were completely ineffective in each department.
When asked what they themselves did to help reduce dust, 30.57% answered that they used public transport instead of using a private car; 24.20% said they sprayed water around the house; 23.09% stop burning garbage, leaves and other materials; 21.66% did nothing; 16.96% turn off the engine whenever stopping; 8.20% limit incense burning; 7.48% took cars to repair to reduce black smoke; 2.23% stopped all forms of construction; and 3.50% use a motorbike or walk instead of a car or switch from diesel to biofuel like E20.
The PM2.5 fog has returned to cover many areas in the Thai capital Bangkok in recent days. The Bangkok Metropolitan Government (BMA) has put health officials on high alert, after the PM2.5 density in many areas became worse. Meanwhile, the Pollution Control Department (PCD) advises people to avoid outdoor activities, and to closely monitor air quality announcements.
In Bangkok, traffic is the main source of pollution, accounting for 72.5% of the city’s dust, followed by factories (17%). Of these, trucks are arguably the biggest polluters. As of August 2019, Bangkok has 10.5 million cars registered with the Road Administration, while a lot of drivers from the province where they live come to work in the city.
Thai authorities have taken measures against dust and smoke in Bangkok, which prohibits vehicles that discharge “dirty smoke” from circulating on the streets. Police and Road Traffic Department inspectors are ordered to coordinate to intensify the inspection of motor vehicle emissions and have the right to prohibit traffic if it detects that vehicles exceed the permissible limits, especially the exhaust. fine dust PM2.5. Motorized vehicles will only be involved in traffic if repaired or replaced.
Meanwhile, Thai Engineers Council President Suchatvee Suwansawat proposed that the government should develop an application to warn people in areas affected by PM2.5 pollution and remind them to wear masks. places to reduce health risks.
According to Suchatvee, in the digital age, when the average Thai citizen owns two mobile phones, it is time for the government to promote technology for the benefit of the public. Identifying risk areas will be a good start.
As a long-term measure to tackle the problem, Suchatvee said the government should lower taxes to encourage factories to reduce pollution at production sites, and to impose higher taxes on used cars that emit smoke. black.