To prevent excess traffic from slowing its 4G LTE data speeds, T-Mobile is borrowing 600MHz spectrum to increase capacity
T-Mobile is borrowing low-band airwaves to prevent a slowdown in 4G LTE data speed
T-Mobile has also expanded its roaming deal with merger partner Sprint. Schools, families and rural Americans who are Sprint subscribers will have access to T-Mobile’s 4G LTE network, also over the next 60 days. This will also help those Sprint subscribers who live in rural areas. Once the merger with Sprint closes, T-Mobile will obtain Sprint’s 2.5GHz mid-band spectrum allowing it to sharply expand the capacity of its 5G network; it will also give T-Mobile the capability to cover more rural Americans with 5G signals. Obtaining these airwaves from Sprint has always been the reason for T-Mobile’s interest in merging with the wireless operator, at least in the current iteration of the deal.
T-Mobile’s president of technology, Neville Ray, said, “In trying times like this, we understand how important it is for people to remain connected – to family and friends, to resources and information, to their jobs via teleworking or schools via virtual classrooms. And we take our responsibility to keep our customers connected incredibly seriously. We can’t thank these partners and the FCC enough for coming together to provide people across the country with the critical connectivity they’re relying on right now.”
Ray thanked the FCC because the regulatory agency is rushing certain decisions and bending some regulations to allow T-Mobile to temporarily get the use of the additional spectrum. T-Mobile originally obtained its 600MHz holdings back in 2017 when it spent nearly $8 billion dollars during an FCC auction for 31MHz of what has been described as the mobile equivalent of beachfront property. Dish spent $6.2 billion during the same auction but has been criticized for simply holding on to its spectrum without using it. Comcast was also a big winner during the auction.
T-Mobile will probably use the additional 600MHz capacity on 4G LTE since there aren’t as many 5G users just yet. The goal is to keep consumers’ connected devices running at faster speeds while they are forced to do work from home. Thanks to the additional spectrum, T-Mobile will be able to increase its 600MHz 4G capacity by up to 600%. While the 600MHz band is 35MHz x 35 MHz (for downloads and uploads), in some markets, T-Mobile’s 600MHz spectrum is only 10MHz x 10MHz. This could be distributed as 5 x 5 for 4G and 5 x 5 for 5G. Considering that 90% of T-Mobile’s customers are currently using 4G LTE, it makes sense for the carrier to use the additional capacity for LTE. But some believe that T-Mobile could use the borrowed airwaves to expand its 4G LTE capacity to 20MHz x 20MHz while hiking its 5G capacity to 15MHz x 15MHz.