The new 5nm processor promises to significantly improve performance and energy savings compared to the current 7nm chip generation.
For processes used to make processors, the smaller the transistor size, the larger the number of transistors. For example, the first generation iPhone used the 45nm process SoC. While the current top chipsets, including Snapdragon 855 are manufactured on 7nm process. And with the use of ultraviolet etching technology (EUV), chip manufacturers can design more accurately the layout of integrated circuits (ICs) to further improve performance.
TSMC, a multi-chip manufacturer found in today's smartphones, plans to mass produce the first 5nm chips in Q1 / 2020. Preliminary information indicates that the number of transistors will increase by 1.8 times compared to 7nm chips, with an increase of 15%.
Recent reports show that Samsung will produce Snapdragon 865 chipsets for Qualcomm instead of TSMC and will use Sammy's 7nm EUV process. Therefore, Apple's iPhone 2020 may be the first smartphone to use a 5nm chip.
Moore's Law, an observation made by Intel founder Gordon Moore, said that the number of transistors on chips would double every year. Although this is not entirely true, the number of transistors inside these components continues to increase.
TechWeb reports (via WCCF Tech) that TSMC is waiting for some approval to let the 3nm chip factory in Hsinchu, Taiwan starting from 2022. TSMC senior director Zhuang Zishou said they will conduct 2nm chip research in the same city to avoid the phenomenon of "brain drain".
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