Our editor Claire Howlett:
This is the second time we have collaborated with the outstanding artist Ron Lemmen to introduce his body painting studio. In this special edition of ImagineFX, you will find Ron’s way of drawing characters from his life and his memory. We can’t help but dig deeper into Ron’s amazing knowledge in this area and share it with you here. In this series of new anatomy tutorials, Ron takes his ideas further and explains how the human body moves. In this workshop, the human body will be divided into simple shapes, connected by regular lines, to draw the movement of the body. Like Ron, artist Chris Legazby also has a strong passion for figure painting, so we also introduced his method of capturing gestures and rendering light and shade when drawing characters. If you want to take your art to the next level, we start from page 86 and include guidance from leading illustrators to teach you how to use Photoshop and Painter to better present your paintings. We believe you will fall in love with this publication!
Learn with Ron Lemmen how to make it easy to understand and draw a difficult area in the human form
Bones are the most basic and most important component of human movement. Once the key bones are observed and the iconic shape is recognized, the connection structure between other bones and key parts is quickly located. These hallmarks of the shoulder joint include the acromion, the spine of the scapula, the mid-scapula, the clavicle, and the end of the sternum. Due to different changes in body weight, activity and posture, or observation angle, these bones are not always prominent in the movement. But whether they appear or not, they always exist, occupying a place in the body. In any posture, as long as we find these signs, we can easily and quickly depict the other parts of the body correctly.
We can estimate and find the measurement value from the ideal ratio as the starting point for any posture. There are several different measurement methods and a set of idealized memorable tools. But if you don’t connect these numbers with reality and learn how to use them, then this tool is meaningless to you.
The head is two-thirds of the height of the rib cage. From our ideal skull ratio of 2:3, we can determine the height and width of the skull. The width of the widest part of the skull is roughly the same as the distance between the shoulder blades. The height of the scapula is about half the height of the rib cage. This makes the space between the shoulder blades and the size of the shoulder blades roughly one square unit. This is equivalent to three measurement units from the left shoulder to the right shoulder. Based on this value, you can adjust the width of your shoulders to suit men or women. The pectoral muscles are connected at two-thirds of the length of the clavicle.
The scapula is a highly mobile area of the body, which affects the movement of other parts, such as the arms. Understanding how the scapula moves and interacts, and learning its patterns and movements will make it easier for you to draw other body parts.
When drawing from memory, a key way to make it easier to draw the body and its anatomical structure is to break the whole into simple shapes and symbols. Painting the shoulders is no different.
The muscles of the shoulder are: deltoid, supraspinatus, teres major and teres minor. When drawing graphics, the spatial position of the latissimus dorsi is very important. There are some pictures on this page that can help simplify a complex area. When the arm is fully extended to one side of the body, the angle connecting the arm to the body is composed of the latissimus dorsi and teres major. The tail end of the teres major muscle extends to the arm, and the tail end of the latissimus dorsi muscle extends to the chest cavity. The above is a schematic diagram of the most ideal deltoid stretching exercise, just for better understanding, not suitable for thin and ordinary people.
In the horizontal and vertical directions, the back can be divided into three larger planes. The middle part of the back will not be at the same angle as when three simple planes are drawn above. It is just to simplify the details, help visual understanding, and obtain a stronger relatable proportion. Once these planes are constructed, we subdivide the surface into smaller surfaces. The scapula, spinal muscles and spine all have their own surface features, as shown in the picture. The line drawing is a cross-sectional view of the plane to better show the middle size and depth of the back.
The back is a complicated space, so Ron Lemmen broke it down into conceptual formulas to make painting different poses easier.
First, let’s look at the muscles (the left part in the image above) and use some simple shapes to help remember what they look like and understand how they fit together. The back muscle groups that the artist is interested in are the rhomboid trapezius, latissimus dorsi, external oblique and sacral spines. They join the left and right sides of the body to form the shape of the back. Once we learn how to control these shapes, add shadows to them, draw them in perspective, connect or overlap the edges, and draw the back structure of the human body reasonably. As long as we stick to this basic idea, the most complex designs can be drawn quickly. But this is a process, and the first stage can only be completed before the next stage. Once you fully understand this process, you can find a way to make this process your own. After that, you can complete a good work without having to draw every stage mechanically.
The torso can be represented by a pillow-like shape (right part of the picture above). The top edge represents the acromion, the bottom edge represents the crotch, and the crease on the pillow represents the direction in which the body is bent. Note that when drawing this shape, make the two halves of the curved side equal in length.
Focus on the back. First, the width of the skull is the same as the width of the gap between the shoulder blades. Each shoulder blade can form a perfect square, including the space between the shoulder blades, so the back is composed of three squares. The height of the scapula is about half the height of the rib cage. The space below the sternum connecting the hip bone is approximately three-quarters from the bottom of the scapula to the bottom of the sternum.
The last step is the most important point. To understand the law of the direction of movement of the different postures of the back. Simplify it to the most basic shape, which can be easily understood visually (as shown above).
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Source: Zulong Entertainment Art Center