Since Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay conquered Mount Everest in 1953, about 5000 people have done this. But in another development, 306 people embraced their dreams of lying on the top of the snow mountain, and 11 of them happened in recent weeks.
Mount Everest is 8.8km higher than sea level, located in the position called "Roof of the world". So conquering this height must be an extremely difficult and risky journey, which can cause you to lose your life at any time.
However, the climbing process may not be the same as you imagine. This is not the mountain you want to go to, go and go. Everything needs to follow strict rules, otherwise the number of people staying here must be much higher than the 300 number.
1. Leo Everest is not cheap
As stated, Everest is not a mountain to reach. Usually, a person will have to spend about $ 25,000 – $ 65,000. This money is used to hire a Sherpa team (indigenous people) to guide and carry equipment, expenses for food, equipment and mountaineering permits.
There are even companies that offer VVIP class service with prices up to $ 130,000 / person. The service includes dinner and one night in a 5-star hotel, accompanied by private photography, even with a private helicopter service.
Even if you do not want to use these services, you will lose at least $ 11,000 to get a climbing license provided by the Nepalese government.
2. A risky journey, but not the most dangerous
Leo Everest is a risky experience. However, the death rate on this mountain is only about 4% (2012 data). To make a comparison, this ratio is only one-eighth of that of the 32% of the Annapurna I mountain trails – the 10th highest mountain in the world.
Mount Annapurna I is considered the most dangerous place in the world with climbers
3. Strictly prepared journey
Before starting the journey to conquer the "Roof of the World", climbers will take 1-2 months at the Base Camp.
Images at the main camp at an altitude of 5,500m
The camp itself is located at an altitude of about 5,500 meters, more than most of the mountains in Europe. To get here, it was necessary to fly from Kathmandu to a tiny airport called Lukla, then walk more than 60km. This journey takes about 2 weeks, during which climbers often go through Namche Bazaar village to purchase necessary necessities.
During this time, they will have to climb up and down several times to help the body get used to the alpine conditions. If you suddenly climb too high, your lungs and brain can become edema, causing death very quickly.
A normal climber must perform at least 3 climbing trips from the camp, each trip is several hundred to 1,000 meters with increasing range, before making the last climb to conquer Everest.
4. There is only one best month to climb in the year, so it is always overloaded
No one can calculate a good climate to conquer Everest. The "good" condition here means there is no snowstorm, no rain, no tornadoes, but it is also an extremely rare condition in this mountainous area.
Normally, only the May climate is eligible for climbing. Therefore, when tourism has developed in recent years, the mountain is often overloaded at this stage, leading to a high risk of death.
The Nepalese government also sets a limit on who is allowed to climb mountains, but still seems too much. This year (2019), 381 people are the record number of mountaineering licensees, and thus have a big controversy for public opinion.
5. There are many ways to climb Everest
The traditional way to climb Everest is to go from southern Nepal. But there are still other roads, such as from the Tibetan plateau in the north – that are judged not to be too crowded.
However, the southern climbing road is considered to be "less difficult" than the northern road, although both are long, slow journeys and in severe dilute oxygen conditions.
6. The mountaineering record belongs to indigenous people for a reason
Kami Rita Sherpa has climbed Everest 25 times, and currently holds a record: He has conquered this mountain twice in just 7 days. And he is a member of Nepal's Sherpa clan.
In fact, the best Everest climbers are also indigenous people in Nepal and Tibet, because the body possesses a special genome that allows them to react differently to ordinary people climbing mountains.
Kami Rita Sherpa – the man who set a record of climbing Everest 2 times in 7 days
The higher the concentration, the more dilute the oxygen concentration will be. For normal people when reaching a certain height, the body will produce more hemoglobin. This is the protein that is responsible for carrying red blood cells containing oxygen from the lungs everywhere, but with too much concentration makes the heart more difficult to pump blood, resulting in altitude sickness and heart failure.
The Sherpa's body is still very normal even if it has to climb. That's thanks to the gene called EPAS1, which allows their blood to thicken more than normal people.
7. Many people have to carry oxygen reserves when climbing
All to ensure safety. However, there are some who do not need to do so, such as Reinhold Messner and Peter Habeler in May 1978.
8. You will not be able to camp arbitrarily on Everest
Everything is preset. From the main camp at an altitude of 5.5 km, you will have to go to Khumbu Ice Waterfall at 5.9 km to meet another camp, called Camp 1. At 6.4 km will have Camp 2.
Want to go to Camp 3, you have to climb another 800m, while Camp 4 is 7.9km high. This is also an important boundary, because passing this landmark you will enter the "death zone" – where the concentration of oxygen is low to dangerous levels.
From here, you will have 24 hours to complete the road to conquer Mount Everest, then climb down right in the day. It is also the choice of most climbers, because they want to limit the time in this area to as low as possible.
9. The road to climb to the top is not the most frightening place
Although located in the "death zone", the last road to Mount Everest is not the most feared place. Khumbu Ice Waterfall is the place to hold this title – according to the conclusion of the majority of climbers.
The Ice Waterfall area is located between the Main Camp and Camp 1, so during training everyone must overcome it. The problem is that because the climate is getting hotter, this Ice Waterfall has become more unstable than ever.
Waterfall ice – the scariest place on Everest
In the period of 1953 – 2016, there were 44 people died at Thac Bang, accounting for 25% of the total death toll on the entire road. The victims died by falling into ravines formed by melting ice.
10. A lot of bodies are still in the mountains
306 people were killed on Mount Everest, but most of the bodies were still lying in the cold snow. Nobody brought them down, simply because it was very dangerous and extremely expensive.
The cost to transport a corpse often amounted to tens of thousands of dollars – the highest case recorded was $ 70,000. This is a number that can be considered commensurate with the danger of this job, because even indigenous people must die.