Suicide: what it is and how to prevent it

Suicide: what it is and how to prevent it

#Suicide #prevent

O suicide it is an act by which a person voluntarily decides to take his own life. Caused by various reasons, suicide can often be related to depression, relationships, professional and personal frustrations. Currently, Brazil is the eighth country with the most suicides in the world, which are already responsible for more deaths than HIV.

  • Why do people commit suicide?

  • Suicide in old age

  • Suicide among teenagers

  • How to identify a person who wants to commit suicide

  • How to deal with a person who attempted suicide

  • Preventing suicide

Why do people commit suicide?

Generally, people who try to commit suicide aim to end a situation or problem they are living in and believe not being able to solve. Emotional traumas, psychological disorders, depression and schizophrenia are some symptoms that lead to suicide, but the consumption of alcohol and drugs can also make a person take their own life.

Suicide in old age

Elderly people have a high suicide rate worldwide. Whether by serious health problems, depression, abandoning children, loneliness or lack of perspective, elderly people enter statistics, alongside teenagers, like those who commit suicide the most.

Suicide among teenagers

People in their teens represent, alongside the elderly, those who commit suicide the most. This action is usually seen in adolescents who have already lost a family member for this reason or who have suffered aggression, abandonment and mistreatment. Nowadays, bullying, faced by many young people at school, is one of the main reasons why teenagers take their own lives.

How to identify a person who wants to commit suicide

A suicidal usually give signs that you want to take your own life. In most cases, he talks about the subject, expresses tiredness in relation to life, tries to say goodbye to relatives or isolates himself from everyone. This person can also say phrases like ‘I’m going to leave everyone alone’, ‘you’ll be free of me’ etc.

Destructive behaviors, such as consuming excessive alcohol or drugs, losing interest in activities that you used to enjoy, and showing difficulties at work or school are other signs that a person may attempt suicide.

It is essential to pay attention to these signs and never ignore a suicide attempt, which can culminate in the death of a person. Calling entities that can provide help and welcome that person, leading them to a therapist or a psychiatrist, is essential.

How to deal with a person who attempted suicide

People who try to commit suicide may, in some cases, need hospitalization to be addressed, reducing the likelihood of future attempts. Therapy is one of the most important parts of treatment, which in many cases is supplemented with antidepressants.

Preventing suicide

If you know someone who has indicated that they intend to commit suicide, the ideal is to remove poison, medication and firearms from that person’s reach, in addition to seeking help. For those who have attempted suicide and undergone treatment, the probability of living a normal life is high. It is worth mentioning that, in most cases, suicidal thoughts they disappear from the moment the person finds new motivations to stay alive.

Although the cure rate is high, it is essential to be on the lookout for new suicidal demonstrations, which can ultimately culminate in a person’s death. Seek help from entities that value life and integrating a person back into life in society and family is a good way to prevent another suicide attempt.

As in other countries, there is in Brazil the Hot line (CVV), a not-for-profit entity recognized as a Federal Public Utility, which provides assistance 24 hours a day through dial 141. Its volunteers are oriented to try to dissuade people from suicidal thoughts and help them in the search for new meaning and will to live.

Photo: © jedimaster –

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