A recent study has shown that the risk of mental health problems will be reduced by 30% when a person moves from being unemployed or at home to working for an 8-hour or less-paid job. week.
In addition, scientists at Cambridge University and Salford did not find evidence that working more than 8 hours had a positive impact on people's health and well-being.
Sociologists have come up with a definition of the "work dose" recommended to achieve optimal happiness and their findings published in the journal Social Science and Medicine.
Working less every week will bring mental health benefits to employees.
The study was conducted in the context of growing automation, leading to a reduction in human working hours and redistribution of labor in society. Researchers used data from a survey to see how changes in working hours affected mental health and satisfaction of more than 70,000 British people from 2009 to 2018. .
Some factors are taken into account, including age, children, long-term illness and household income. Research shows that in order to achieve mental benefits, the most effective "dose" is about 1 day of work each week and that more than that number can make a difference.
The co-author of the study, Dr. Brendan Burchell, a sociologist from Cambridge University, said: "We give the right dose for everything from Vitamin C to the number of sleep hours needed to enhance. Health but this is the first time the concept of work dosage is really concerned.
Unemployment affects negatively on health, finance, reputation and many other things in life. We study how many hours we need to work to get psychological benefits and the results are 8 hours / week ".
Dr. Daiga Kamerade of Salford University argues: "In the next few decades, artificial intelligence and robots will probably replace people who take up most of the paid jobs. Without enough work for those Who wants to work full time, we need to review current standards.
This includes redistributing working hours, so everyone can get mental health benefits, even if that means the work week will become much shorter. "
The researchers propose appropriate policy options to move into the future, including 5 weekends, working 2 hours a day, increasing annual vacations from a few weeks to several months or even vacation. 2 months after every 1 month of work.
Dr. Jed Boardman, head of social inclusion at Royal Psychiatry University shared: "We know that unemployment is not good for mental health but when doing a job with a low level of control, high, complex and insecure requirements as well as unfair wages also cause harm. mental health is no less unemployed.
The high-quality research of Cambridge and Salford University reinforces what we already know and makes science-based recommendations as a basis for adjusting future working hours. "