(News 24h) – According to statistics, there is one in five spacecraft launches in the world using Russian engines.
Russia’s Roscosmos State Agency for Space Operations reported that last year, one in five launches using Russian engines was launched last year.
“The engines developed by the Russian Federation of Energomash Science (NPO Energomash – a member enterprise of Roscosmos) in 2020) operated successfully in 24 launches, out of a total of 114 (21.05%) above. world “- stated on the website of the state corporation Roscosmos said.
In particular, 15 missile launches were made with Russian engines (13 Soyuz-2 and a Proton-M and an Angare-A5) from the Russian aerospace, seven American launches (five times by Atlas-5 boosters and twice Antares boosters), two more launched from French launch sites (two “Soyuz-ST” ships).
NPO Energomash produces RD-191 liquid boosters for Angara launchers, RD-180 engines for American Atlas-5 missiles and RD-181s for American Antares. In addition, the company is currently developing RD-171MV engines for Russia’s new Soyuz-5 (Irtysh) missile.
In this year 2021, Russia will sell 10 rocket engines to the US. Among them, six RD-180 engines were used for Atlas-5 missiles and four RD-181s for Antares, reported on the Russian public shopping website.
According to the document, NPO Energomash plans to purchase insurance for transportation by 2021 for six RD-180 engines and four RD-181 engines.
According to NPO Energomash, the RD-180 engine was used in the first floor of the Atlas-5 rocket. In total, 116 engines have been shipped to the US since 1999, 92 of which have been in use.
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RD-181 engines are installed in the first floor of the Antares rocket (two engine each). In total, 22 engines have been delivered to the United States since 2015, of which 16 are already in use.
Pentagon officials and US politicians have repeatedly complained about the fact that the country’s aerospace industry is too dependent on Russia as it continues to spend billions of dollars on boosters and seats. Russian spacecraft to board the ISS space station.
Furthermore, Russian engines are used by the United States in rockets to launch aerospace equipment by the US Air Force, the National Security Agency (NSA) or the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA). ) as well as serving NASA’s scientific and research missions.
In an attempt to get rid of dependence on Russian boosters, in March 2016, the US Department of Defense decided to sign two consecutive contracts to build rocket engines with cargo equipment manufacturers. not Aerojet Rocketdyne and United Launch Alliance (ULA) under United Launch Services.
United Launch Services was awarded an initial contract worth $ 47 million (total national investment of $ 202 million), taking on the responsibility of designing the Vulcan BE-4 boosters for use on the New Glenn rocket launched by Blue. Origin is owned, as well as aboard the new missile transport vessel Vulcan, manufactured by the United Launch Alliance (ULA).
Aerojet Rocketdyne is tasked with building the AR1 rocket engine prototype under a contract worth $ 115 million. The total national investment budget for this plan will reach 536 million USD.
However, despite the United States has massively invested in both public and private companies to develop space-boosting rocket engines over the past 10 years, so far, Washington has never shown. they have enough potential in the field, to completely escape Russia.
Last year, the US Congress was forced to admit that it could not replace the RD-180 engine of Russia for at least 10 more years. The report of analysts to the US Congress said the United States would not be able to find a replacement for the RD-180 rocket engine until at least 2030.
“Even if the transition from the RD-180 to other launch engines or vehicles goes smoothly and is done exactly on schedule, similar performance and reliability metrics are likely to be. using RD-180, which can only be achieved after 2030 “- stated in documents by analysts at the US legislature.