Japanese broadcaster NHK recently released a video related to the Kuril Islands showing the Soviet leadership’s early calculations for the return of sovereignty of this part of territory to Japan. Copy.
|Kuril Islands position in the Russia-Japan dispute.|
Accordingly, the Soviet Union considered three options to resolve the issues of the Peace Treaty with Japan, prior to the meeting between the General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Leonid Brezhnev and Japanese Prime Minister Kakuei. Tanaka in October 1973.
The 26-page document titled “Issues in Soviet-Japan Relations” outlines the plans for Brezhnev’s possible statements at the talks.
According to documents issued by the State Archives of Russia, the Soviet Union could agree to implement the terms of a bilateral joint statement signed by the parties in October 1956. According to this document, the Soviet Union agreed to transfer the Habomai and Shikotan Islands to Japan on the condition that the actual transfer of these islands to Japan will be made after the two countries sign the Peace Treaty.
The Soviet Union planned the transfer of these territories according to its first position.
In the event that the Japanese side makes claims against Iturup and Kunashir, it will also consider the possibility of allowing Japanese fishermen to pay fees for fishing near these islands.
In the event of a failure to reach an agreement, the Soviet Union has another idea: both sides need to consider signing a good neighborly treaty and cooperate without mentioning territorial delimitation, the NHK channel added.
Concerning the 1956 joint statement, the Soviet side is known to have proposed Japan one more point that the parties would work towards a comprehensive ban on nuclear weapons between the two countries. However, Tokyo rejected this idea.
The Japanese side insisted on discussing the ban on nuclear weapons after restoring diplomatic relations, Kyodo news agency said.
Since 1951, Japan has been under the “nuclear umbrella” of the United States and could not sign an anti-nuclear declaration.
Mr. Syun-ichi Matsumoto, commissioner for negotiations with the Soviet Union, also noted that the anti-nuclear clause was rejected because of the signal coming from Tokyo.
The Joint Declaration, signed by the Soviet Union and Japan on October 19, 1956, ended the state of war between the countries and restored diplomatic relations.
Specifically, the parties will continue to negotiate a peace treaty. In which Moscow also agreed to consider the possibility of transferring to Japan the two islands, Habomai and Shikotan, after the signing of the peace treaty, while the sovereignty of Kunashir and Iturup was not affected.
The Soviet Union hoped that the Joint Declaration would put an end to the dispute, but Japan viewed the document as only part of the solution to the problem, and still did not renounce its claims to all of the islands. The negotiations that followed were fruitless, and the peace treaty at the end of World War II was never signed.
Currently, Tokyo does not recognize Russian sovereignty over South Kuril, so depicting them on the map as part of its territory.
Russia and Japan did not sign a peace treaty after World War II. The main obstacle remains the problem with the islands Kunashir, Shikotan, Iturup and the slopes of Habomai. Tokyo claimed this as its territory and referred to a 1855 bilateral treatise on trade and borders.