Mr. Konstantin Gavrilov, Head of the Russian delegation at the Vienna talks on military security and arms control, announced that Russia would withdraw from the Open Sky Treaty following US destructive actions.
|Russia will withdraw from the Open Sky Treaty in response to the US.|
The Open Sky Treaty was created to increase the air surveillance and arms control capabilities of participating states. The US side has made a proposal to establish this treaty to ease the tension in the Cold War. As a result, Russia, the US, Canada, Ukraine and many other European countries signed the treaty in 1992, after the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
Since then, the participating countries have carried out more than 1,500 observation and reconnaissance flights. The flights are not evenly distributed in different regions. Among them, nearly a third of flights are made by Russia and Belarus, while NATO countries agreed not to observe each other.
As of November 2020, the United States flew almost exclusively over Russian territory. Meanwhile, Russia has distributed its flights evenly and flies over all of the treaty countries, with only 12% of flights going through the United States.
This treaty has played an important part in building trust among nations and maintaining strategic stability. However, on May 21, 2020, the US State Department announced its intention to withdraw from the treaty on the grounds that Moscow had seriously violated the provisions of the Open Sky Treaty. Six months later, the United States formally withdrew from the treaty and is currently not considered a member of the treaty.
Immediately after the US withdrew from this treaty, Russia did not rush to respond but continued to join this treaty on two conditions. First, Russian aircraft will still conduct reconnaissance for military facilities of other countries in the treaty and the countries participating in the treaty are not allowed to exchange information collected with the United States when scouting through Russian territory. .
Russia, realizing that the United States unilaterally withdrawing from the treaty will negatively affect international security, has repeatedly called on Washington to return to the treaty. Russia hopes the new White House administration will rethink, as US President Joe Biden has previously expressed disagreement with his predecessor Trump’s decision to withdraw from the Open Sky Treaty. However, the new administration has absolutely no intention of returning to the Open Sky Treaty.
Washington even continued to accuse Moscow of not complying with the provisions of the treaty and declaring to its allies that their return to the Open Elections Treaty was a “false signal” and undermined. weak US views on arms control.
Therefore, Russia was forced to initiate the withdrawal process from the Open Sky Treaty, because this was the only adequate response for the United States after it unilaterally withdrew from the treaty.