This is a study of behavioral economists at the University of Michigan, USA. They gave 13 Swiss students over 17,000 wallets to 40 countries and deliberately dropped it in 355 cities worldwide. As a result, the scientists obtained that, in addition to the two countries, there were 38 other countries, if the wallet had money inside, the proportion of strangers who found the wallet and returned it to the drop was much higher.
Behavior economist Alain Cohn said "We thought if the wallet had money, the percentage of wallet dropped to the owner would be lower, it turned out not." Inside the experimental purses, there are enough "dropers" information in the local language, a key, three business cards with the names of the locals and a shopping list. grocery. In some purses, there is absolutely no money, some others have a local currency exchange rate of more than 300 thousand Dong. These wallets are then transferred by students to bank staff, museums, post offices, hotels and police stations along with the message, "I found this wallet on the street, so I did not spend time looking Can its owner help me pay my master's wallet? ”
Funny, one of these students was kept by Kenyan police for a few hours because of a suspicious expression, and in the case of India, the flood season caused them to stop experimenting in the country. this family
After transferring more than 17 thousand wallets, Cohn and his colleagues began to statistically view how many of them tried to return within 100 days by contacting the business card's email address (if any). They will ask the returner to keep this money or charity.
Overall, researchers report 40% of the total number of wallets without the recommended money returned via email. This number for wallet with money is 51%. Of course the rates in each country are also different. For example, in Denmark, 82% of purses have money contacted, while in Kenya this figure is only 20%, in the United States it is 57%, meaning that for every 100 purses with money , 43 are "picked up by falling, temporary pockets". Mexico and Peru are the only two countries where purses have less repayable money.
After that, researchers continued to experiment in three countries, the United States, Britain and Poland. This time, the money in the wallet dropped nearly $ 100. The percentage of wallets returned to the losers skyrocketed to an average of 72%. Scientists try to determine if "altruism" is one of the factors that makes people who find purse money feel sympathetic to the person who drops the wallet and tries to find a way to return it to them. or not. That is why in many wallets there is a key, making the picker think it could be a house key or an important place, dropping very annoying. As a result, the percentage of purses that have both returned and returned money (62%) compared to purses with money (52%).
Behaviorally, Professor Cohn thinks: "The research results show that people tend to care about other people's money problems. It is unconscious to own a wallet with a money of a stranger that makes the person who picks up the wallet feel guilty and I think I am like a thief, in many cases people are still willing to commit moral wrong acts to gain benefits, but there is still a balance of conscience where they speak, and sometimes, conscience win greed. "
In your opinion, if this research is done in my country, what percentage of people who bring wallets back to dropers?