Pregnant mothers New Year’s diet 5 principles

Master the following 5 diet principles, pregnant mothers eat with peace of mind, and the baby in the belly to spend a healthy and happy Spring Festival. Principle 1: Consume 6 types of food with balanced nutrition. Pregnant mothers need the same daily nutrition in early pregnancy as usual, without the need to increase the intake of calories and protein. In the second and third trimesters, in order to meet the needs of fetal development, an increase of 1.26 per day is required. KJ of calorie intake. A balanced diet is to consume 6 types of food in a moderate amount. You should consume 4 to 5 bowls of grain roots, 2 to 3 cups of milk, 5 to 7 servings of eggs, beans, and fish, 3 to 4 servings of vegetables, 3 servings of fruits, 3 tablespoons of grease. In addition, it is best to quantify the diet regularly, so that the nutrients are evenly distributed in each meal to achieve the maximum absorption and utilization. Principle 2: High Calcium and High Fiber Water is indispensable Reminding pregnant women should not ignore calcium intake to meet the needs of fetal growth and mother. {1} Every day should be supplemented with 2 to 3 glasses of milk or other calcium-rich and rich foods (such as dried small fish, soy products, etc.). During the Chinese New Year, eating large fish and meat is usually more than usual, and a lot of fat is indirectly ingested. It is recommended that pregnant women drink skimmed milk to reduce fat and calorie intake. {2} Pregnant mothers in the third trimester of pregnancy, often suffer from constipation because of the physiological changes during pregnancy, especially after eating too much fish and meat, the symptoms are more obvious, so be sure to eat more fresh vegetables and fruits, not only can increase Fiber intake can supplement the natural nutrients contained in vegetables and fruits-vitamins and minerals. Principle 3: Master the principle of low oil, low salt, and low sugar. The Chinese New Year’s diet can be described as plentiful. Chickens, ducks, fish, meat, all kinds of seafood, all kinds of vegetables and fruits are all put on the table. Open; In addition to dinner, every family will also prepare some snacks such as sunflower seeds, sweets, rice cakes, jerky, etc., to treat family and friends who come to the New Year. Although these foods are delicious, the fat, sugar, salt and calories in them are not low. If pregnant women do not control them, once they consume too much, they will cause a physical burden and increase the risk of gestational diabetes or pregnancy-induced hypertension. And pregnant women who have gestational hypertension or gestational diabetes have to strictly follow the doctor’s instructions, control their diet, and not be greedy. ● Eating and cooking: The three low-principle principles of low oil, low salt, and low sugar should be mastered, and hot, steamed, and stewed should be used instead of fried, braised, thickened, and sweet and sour. ● Selection of ingredients: Avoid ingesting foods with high salt content such as sausages and bacon and high cholesterol content; you can choose low-fat fish, lean meats, eggs and soy products as high-quality protein sources as protein sources. In addition, the intake of vegetables must not be ignored, as it is a source of many nutrients. In addition, high-oil, high-sugar foods such as sweets, candied fruits, fruit juice drinks, etc., should also be tasted, so as not to affect blood sugar and weight control. Principle 4: New Year dishes are kept fresh and eaten before the New Year. Many people go shopping on the street and pile up their homes. In fact, shopping in supermarkets and markets is very convenient now. You should update your mind and prepare the right amount of annual dishes. Buy them when necessary to ensure the freshness of the food. In addition, repeated heating of food will not only destroy its nutrients, but also easily breed bacteria and cause gastrointestinal discomfort. Principle 5: Control diet and drink strong tea beverages. {1} Pregnant mothers should avoid taking strong coffee, strong tea, alcohol, and not smoking, and minimize passive smoking to avoid endangering the baby’s health. {2} Eat less pungent condiments (such as peppers, peppers, etc.); pickled products (such as bacon, sausages, etc.), because of their high salt content, can easily cause edema in pregnant women and reduce their intake. {3} During the annual holiday, family members, relatives and friends have dinner together. Cola, soda or other drinks are indispensable. For pregnant mothers, these foods that provide only calories and no nutritional value should be limited to avoid causing rapid weight gain. {4} Avoid overeating or eating too greasy, so as not to cause gastrointestinal upset.

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