Aquarius Reef Base research facility is the only permanent and underwater operating facility in the world today.
This is where NASA will conduct a series of tests in the Extreme Environment Mission Operations (NEEMO) lasting 10 days. The program starts from June 10 and the results from the testing process will serve the mission of lunar exploration in 2024.
By bringing astronauts into the ocean, NASA wants to challenge their stamina in harsh environments before having to go out into space in reality.
In this lab, scientists and astronauts will conduct sleep data collection, body changes and use AR technology to navigate the laboratory at a depth of about 19 meters below. Sea level, off the coast near Key Largo, Florida.
Leading the crew in this underwater mission is Samantha Cristoforetti, an European Cosmonaut (ESA) astronaut. She stayed for 200 days in the universe during the Expedition missions 41 and 43 in the 2014-2015 period. She is also a European who holds the record for the longest space flight.
Joining the crew were many astronauts and other scientific researchers.
This laboratory has enough space for six Florida researchers and International University (FIU), NASA and the US Navy will be allowed to operate the lab.
NEEMO project leader, Mr. Bill Todd said: "The similarities between space exploration inside and outside the spacecraft will be evident in the research of the seabed. In the Aquarius laboratory, astronauts will have to deal with many experiments and research. related to space travel for a long time ".
NASA is actively preparing everything to soon bring people back to the Moon. However, the budget problems spent on this mission make NASA's Moon target in 2024 not possible if the US Congress does not approve the proposed budget of $ 21 billion for NASA.
Some pictures of NASA's marine experiments: