The Mici, which include the Crohn’s disease and the ulcerative colitis (UC), make more talk about them. And for good reason. All indicators show an explosion of cases globally. In France, while the incidence of Crohn’s disease was 5.2 per 100,000 inhabitants in 1988-1990, it has now fallen to 6.7 per 100,000 inhabitants.
Another alarming phenomenon: this increase particularly affects young people between 10 and 19 years old.
Abdominal pain, diarrhea, fatigue … IBD are diseases that affect the digestive system, and their symptoms can seriously impact the quality of life of patients. It is therefore urgent to better understand the mechanisms linked to these diseases in order to develop effective therapeutic solutions.
There exists a genetic predisposition to these diseases (5 to 20% of those affected have a loved one with IBD), but other causes have been put forward. Research on intestinal microbiota has made a lot of progress in recent years, and has highlighted several environmental factors favoring this chronic inflammation of the bowel :
- the stress,
- a evolution of our diet,
- an increase in smoking,
- frequent use of antibiotics,
- the use of the contraceptive pill …
How we eat is a central topic for these IBDs:
“To date, no isolated research work has directly demonstrated a link between diet and the risk of developing IBD, but hypotheses are being made on the impact of industrialized food, rich in refined sugars, food additives, animal proteins… ”, underlines Prof. Matthieu Allez, gastroenterologist at Saint-Louis Hospital, AP-HP.
Learn more about Mici Day, May 19, 2018: the afa Crohn RCH website (François Aupetit association).
Until July 6: the MICI & Moi Bus, on tour until July 6: Amiens city center on May 28, Bordeaux, Haut Lévêque hospital-Magellan medical surgical center on May 31; Créteil, Henri Mondor-AP-HP Hospital on June 8….
Discover the web series MICI: instructions for use for teenagers affected by the disease (carried out in parteariat with the AbbVie laboratory).
Crohn’s disease: the sweetener sucralose would worsen the inflammation