(News 24h) – Countries demanded to ensure democratic process in Myanmar after the military arrested a series of high-ranking leaders, including the President.
On the morning of February 1, the Myanmar army announced the arrest of senior leaders in response to the fraud of the election in November 2020.
|Police blocked a route leading to the National Assembly building in the capital Naypyidaw on January 29, 2021.|
The Myanmar army also declared a state of emergency and would control the government for a year.
According to the military announcement, all legislative, executive, and judicial powers will be returned to Commander-in-Chief Min Aung Hlaing while Vice President U Myint Swe will act as interim president. In addition, all legislative functions of parliament will be suspended from the date of the declaration of a state of emergency.
The National Coalition for Democracy (NLD) of Ms. Suu Kyi, a former political prisoner and leader of a long struggle against the dictatorship, won 83% of the seats in today’s election. November 8, 2020, is seen as a referendum on her fledgling democratic government.
The Myanmar military has accused the 2020 election fraud, outlining outliers such as duplication of names in voting lists in some counties and dissatisfied with the election commission’s response to the surname. The military did not say whether the anomalies were so great that they could change the election results.
Last week, the military spokesman, Brigadier General Zaw Min Tun, said that the military would “take action” and use all available options, including the Supreme Court.
When asked if he ruled out the possibility of a coup, Mr. Zaw Min Tun replied that “cannot confirm it”.
The Myanmar constitution states that the commander-in-chief can only take power in extreme cases that could cause “disintegration of the federation, disintegration of national unity and loss of sovereignty”, but only in an emergency situation. Only the civilian president has the right to declare this situation.
Soldiers were seen controlling the government headquarters in Yangon, while telephone and internet networks in major cities were cut off, according to Reuters.
|Ms. San Suu Kyi – leader of the National Coalition for Democracy (NLD) (left) and Myanmar Commander-in-Chief Min Aung Hlaing. Photo: Reuters.|
Myanmar’s National League for Democracy (NLD) Party has appealed to the public not to accept the military coup and urged them to protest.
“The actions of the army are actions to bring the country back under the dictatorship” – the NLD Party said in a statement bearing the leader Aung San Suu Kyi.
|Myanmar’s military said the country would maintain a state of emergency for a year.|
The international community responded to the latest developments in Myanmar.
UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres “strongly condemned” the arrest of State Counselor Aung San Suu Kyi and other leaders and officials and urged Myanmar military commanders to respect the wishes of the people.
Stephane Dujarric, spokesperson for Secretary-General Guterres, stated in the statement: “Secretary-General Guterres expressed deep concern regarding the declaration of the transfer of all legislative, executive and judicial power to Myanmar Army. These developments are a serious hit and democratic reforms in Myanmar … All leaders need to act in the greater interest of Myanmar’s democratic reform process, engaging in a confrontation. meaningful dialogue, avoiding violence and absolute respect for human rights or other fundamental freedoms ”.
The UN Security Council is scheduled to meet on February 4 to discuss Myanmar’s situation, with the participation of the UN Special Envoy to Myanmar Christine Schraner Burgener, diplomats said. However, before the new developments, the meeting may take place sooner than expected.
After the White House issued a warning message, US Secretary of State Antony Blinken expressed concern and alarmed information about Myanmar’s civilian leaders’ arrest. Mr. Blinken called on Myanmar military commanders to release the arrested officials and respect the wishes of the people, as demonstrated in the November 2020 general election.
US President Joe Biden warned that there would be action on a plot to change the results of the recent general election in Myanmar or “step on” the democratic process.
Japan’s Chief Cabinet Secretary Katsunobu Kato stressed the importance of the parties in Myanmar to resolve issues peacefully through dialogue and in line with the democratic process. Mr. Kato said Japan is updating Myanmar through its embassy in Yangon and will ensure the safety of Japanese citizens here.
Singapore’s Foreign Ministry expressed serious concern about the situation in Myanmar and said it was closely monitoring developments. Singapore calls on all parties to refrain from, maintain dialogue and make efforts to achieve positive and peaceful results. Indonesia also made a similar announcement.
Meanwhile, the Myanmar Army has criticized countries for voicing concern over developments in the Southeast Asian nation. In a statement posted on the social network Facebook, the Myanmar military “resolutely denied” the allegation that this force was hindering the democratic transition, and warned the diplomatic community “not to release. unwarranted assumptions about the situation ”.