Lupus: causes, symptoms and treatment

Lupus: causes, symptoms and treatment

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O lupus it is a chronic autoimmune disease with symptoms that can be noticed in various organs, such as skin, joints, blood cells, kidneys and heart. Lupus is characterized by a malfunction of the immune system, which attacks and destroys the patient’s cells. The disease mainly affects women between 15 and 45 years old, which correspond to 90% of carriers.

  • Risk factors for lupus

  • Symptoms of lupus

  • Diagnosis of lupus

  • Evolution and complications of lupus

  • Treatment of lupus

Risk factors for lupus

The main risk factors for lupus they are stress, exposure to the sun during pregnancy and breastfeeding, use of certain medications and genetic predisposition.

Symptoms of lupus

The symptoms of lupus are very varied. Fatigue, weight loss and fever are present most of the time. Joint pain are one of the most frequent signs and are usually accompanied by skin lesions. There is also an increase in the size of the nodes. The disease progresses between phases of outbreaks and phases of remission.

Diagnosis of lupus

The diagnosis of lupus is made through the observation of clinical symptoms and biological signs characteristics, such as an increase in the rate of antibodies in the blood. The diagnosis, however, should be made only after thorough examinations that eliminate other possible causes.

Evolution and complications of lupus

The evolution of lupus fluctuates. The disease alternates moments of outbreak, usually triggered by environmental factors, with periods of remission. Kidney complications, for example, tend to progress to chronic renal failure, requiring hemodialysis in 5 or 10 years.

Treatment of lupus

The treatment of lupus consists of fighting inflammation and decreasing the activation of the patient’s immune system. It relies on the administration of anti-inflammatories and corticosteroids to reduce the attacks of antibodies on the body’s cells. Immunosuppressants, because they have important side effects, require strict monitoring by the doctor. Lupus there’s no cure and the treatment lasts a lifetime.

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