Falcon Heavy has failed three times:
For the first time on February 6, 2018, bring the Tesla Roadster of Musk. Surely you remember this unique event, and even at the time you were reading the article, the Roadster electric car was still flying at tremendous speed in space.
For the second time, Falcon Heavy Air was on April 11, 2019, carrying the Arabsat satellite series.
The third time will only take place, on June 25, 2016.
The successful launch of the ship itself has a lot of meaning recently, when SpaceX reused the rocket system that was taken from the previous launch. But the most notable point of this Falcon Heavy launch is not only in the missile's structure, but also in the packages it brings.
In addition to weather satellites and government spy satellites, a private party's satellite photography (a total of 25 satellites), has 3 technological things – 3 other notable studies according to the results The most powerful rocket on the planet. And yet, there is also the ashes of 152 people who wish to rest in space.
Box of ashes of 152 people.
These packages make the Falcon Heavy launch become the most diverse universe ever. And now let's talk about three experiments that have the potential to change humanity.
Experimental light Sailing technology with LightSail 2
This will be the first bright sail technology application satellite to orbit around the Earth. LightSail uses the energy from the photon to push the entire device away, which is why it is called a bright sail: for being a sail, picking up photons – particles of light to float in the Sea of the Universe la.
The Lightsail satellite does not need fuel, does not use propellant to push the entire structure away, and obviously does not discharge into the environment any fuel combustion byproducts.
Photo "take a selfie" of LightSail 1.
"The sail system uses light to propel itself away. The photon particle bumps into something, namely hitting it and bouncing back, so you will have momentum transmitted to the spaceship."Said Bruce Betts, chief scientific officer and operator of Planetary Society's LightSail 2 project. "In the vacuum environment of the Universe, that push becomes significantly stronger".
The bright sail is encapsulated in the Georgia Tech-designed Prox-1 cruise ship structure. At 720 km above the Earth's surface, the sail will inflate, starting the test.
The ground control station will constantly try to push the Prox-1 with the sail to illuminate a wider trajectory, and measure whether the bright sailing system is actually a photon reflecting plate, receiving momentum to propel The whole Prox-1 moves in space.
The laser location measurement system will continuously monitor Prox-1, to see whether the satellite is moving in the air. Research results will come after only a few days of measurement.
If this project is successful, Prox-1 will become the first satellite to orbit Earth only to use sunlight as an energy source. And if successful, future CubeSat satellites will change the way people explore the Solar System and beyond.
Prox-1 illustration in orbit.
LightSail 2 also has a difference: this is not a organized project backed, this is a dream built from the pocket of passionate astronauts. More than 40,000 people have supported the financing of the LightSail project, the technology of space travel without mature fuels thanks to them.
Green Propellant Infusion Mission – Green Propellant Infusion Mission (GPIM)
This is a joint project between NASA, Ball Space Technology Corporation, Aerojet Rocketdyne, US Air Force and a number of other organizations, to find a low-toxic fuel called hydroxyl ammonium nitrate, Another name is AF-M315E. This project has been developing for 10 years at a cost of US $ 45 million, and now continues to be tested when traveling to Space with Falcon Heavy.
According to the data collected, AF-M315E is 50% more efficient than conventional propellant, while reducing the amount of toxic waste released during combustion. That is why the word "green" appears in GPIM's long and vague name.
But what good ships, modern moving technology, environmentally friendly fuel to do when there is no advanced navigation system, to use in immense space? And we have the third important test that went to space with Falcon Heavy in the latest launch.
We have Deep Space Atomic Clock – Deep Space Atomic Clock
It is a clock itself, but its main mission is not a "Big Ben in the Universe", but an accurate measuring tool to guide the future space travel ships. When we send people and sue goods to the Moon, Mars and beyond, we will need a pilot, a navigator only the size of a motorcycle battery.
During the 1-year trial period, the Deep Space Atomic Clock will fly in orbit, taking necessary preparations for future journeys. Its capabilities and operation are similar to those of atomic clocks on satellites, making GPS navigation systems for your phone.
But as far as the Earth goes, the signal takes longer to travel from satellites / ground checkpoints to cruise ships. So Deep Space Atomic Clock will be the first atomic clock system to be placed on a cruise ship, far beyond Earth's orbit.
It will allow the spacecraft to orient itself in space, bypassing the sending of signals to Earth, requesting confirmation of the ship's position. Atomic clocks combined with on-board navigation system will immediately let the astronaut coordinate the ship, so they can safely go into endless space.
Like all atomic clocks, its accuracy is nearly absolute: 10 million new years deviate by 1 second, more stable than an atomic clock with a satellite up to 50 times. If this test succeeds, Deep Space Atomic Clock will be the most accurate time-measuring device in the Universe.
Rounding 60 years ago, we successfully landed on the Moon, we have a memorable milestone in history. The successful launch of Falcon Heavy last day was an important step for us to have a milestone.
The eyes eagerly looking toward Mars, waiting for a new future to open to mankind: the time when humans officially became interplanetary species.