(Military commentary) – Lebanon was originally created as a Christian country, but this has been lost over time.
Lebanon was created with the aim of building a “common home” for Christians and other minorities in the region. However, over the decades, Lebanon abandoned its national symbol and began to disintegrate from within.
According to Dr. Mordechai Kedar – former IDF military intelligence officer specializing in Syria, an analyst on Arab-Israeli relations, as well as a research expert on the Muslim Brotherhood and Other Muslim groups, if Israel does not learn from the case of Lebanon, it could be in an equally serious situation.
History of Lebanese Christian nation
Lebanon, like Syria, Jordan, Iraq and Israel, was born on the ruins of the Ottoman Empire [Thổ Nhĩ Kỳ] after its lands were invaded by Britain. Britain, along with France, was given the task of establishing independent states in the region by the “League of Nations” (referred to as the “League of Nations” – an intergovernmental organization that was the forerunner of the United Nations. that territory.
The idea of domination of the nationalist Arabic-speaking intellectuals was to form a large state in the region comprising Muslim, Christian, Druze, Alawite and Jewish communities.
But many Lebanese Christians, especially Maronites, dislike this idea, as they are well aware of the fate that Armenians and Syrians suffered during World War I – a period. dark that more than a million Christian Armenians are murdered by Muslims in strange and barbaric ways.
They knew a large country like Syria would have a majority Muslim while Christians would be in the minority, as it did under the Islamic Ottoman Empire.
When the Ottoman Empire fell, Lebanese Christians saw an opportunity to free themselves from the yoke of majority Muslim rule. Their guiding principle is that the Lebanese state can deal with their problems as a subject nation by Christians.
France – the life-holder of Syria – agreed with Christians’ desire for independence and worked together to help them turn Lebanon into a separate nation.
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Between Lebanese Christians, a debate broke out between the founding fathers of a “Little Lebanon” (Little Lebanon) and those who promoted the establishment of a “Greater Lebanon” (Big Lebanon). ).
“Little Lebanon” is territory extending from Beirut to the east and north to Tripoli. This territory is really small and especially all its inhabitants are Christians. The big problem of this area is that it is purely mountainous so its economic potential, especially agriculture, is inherently limited.
“Big Lebanon” encompasses “Little Lebanon” and includes the Bekaa Valley – a vast and fertile agricultural region – and the lands south of Beirut. The difficulty of the “Big Lebanon” is that the additional territories with a diverse population of Druze and Shiite and Sunni Muslims will jeopardize Lebanon’s Christian character.
After a public debate, proponents of a “great Lebanon” with constitutional and governmental mechanisms could maintain Christian hegemony to emerge as winners. The state is established as a democracy that distributes political roles among different communities.
Lebanon is beginning to lose its Christian nature
The trouble started when the ruling Christian minority in Lebanon began to give up the Christian nature of the country. That process can be considered to take place at several points in the history of Lebanon, of which the three most important are presented below:
The first moment: In the 1969 Cairo Agreement, Egyptian President Gamal Abdel Nasser placed Lebanon in a situation where the Palestinian refugee camps (there were 10 at that time), forming an “extraterritorial” in which the people can organize, equip and train themselves for the “Palestinian Liberation Army”.
The Palestinian military presence in the country quickly became a security threat to the existence of the Lebanese state and it was indeed the armed Palestinians who sparked the five Lebanese Civil War. 1976.
Second turning point: In 1980, Lebanon allowed Iran, led by the Great Khomeini, to begin sending Shiite missionaries to the country with the aim of promoting the community spirit of the Shiite, Shia Muslims. Thereafter, Tehran continued to send military advisors, weapons and ammunition to “add a military dimension to the spiritual strength of the Shiite community”.
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This process happened while the country was caught up in a civil war and the government was no longer able to prevent the empowerment of the Shiite army. Israel’s military presence in southern Lebanon provided a legitimate justification for this process.
Third landmark: The Taif Agreement of 1989, the end of the civil war. This agreement stipulates that all local militias will be disbanded and the Lebanese army will be the sole armed force.
The Syrians, then shocked in Lebanon, by disbanding all the militias except Hezbollah, which they continue to equip and consolidate until it becomes the most powerful. in Lebanon – even stronger than the state army.
Meanwhile, a two-way demographic change is underway in Lebanon, in which the Christian population falls due to low birth rates and high migration and an increase in Shiite populations due to high birth rates and low migration.
The Shiite community is now the largest in the country. Although no census has been conducted in Lebanon because of the sensitivity of the demographic issue, the Shiite community is believed to be larger than all other ethnic groups or religious groups combined. In other words, it dominated the decisions in Lebanon.
Over the years, the Christian community in Lebanon has been inconsistent in both thought and action (there are more than 10 different Christian groups in the country); therefore, many Christian politicians have sought allies among other communities and partnered with them primarily to advance personal interests.
The most notable example is the current President of Lebanon, Michel Aoun, who was elected in 2016, is a fervent supporter of the Hezbollah Shiite militia, regarded as Iran’s proxy. .
As a result, political unusual features emerged in this country, with the Hezbollah leader Hassan Nasrallah typically the “de facto ruler in Lebanon”.
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It is Mr. Nasrallah who determines the appointment of politicians of other ethnic and religious communities to the positions of “leaders” and he decides when they are removed from the political system or even. assassinated (as in the case of former Prime Minister Rafiq Hariri).
In a slow but unstoppable process, Lebanon ceases to be the “Switzerland of the Middle East”, as the Christian community that founded Lebanon has abandoned the “Christian” nature of the country.
The corrupt leaders of that community have devoted themselves to the realization of the hegemonic goal of the Shiite Muslim community – an ethnic-religious group, brought into the country by territorial desires of Christian advocate of a “great Lebanon”.
Lessons for Israel
According to Dr. Mordechai Kedar, Israel needs to learn the bloody lessons from the disintegration of the Christian Lebanon country.
The Tel Avip administration must do its best and devise a clear and solid strategy to maintain the Jewish majority; development of the “Emirate Plan”, aimed at creating a divide between Israel and the majority of the Palestinian population on the West Bank of the Jordan River (commonly referred to as “West Bank’s”), while preserving much of the region Sparse rural land under the sovereignty of Israel.
Israel must also unite the State and State of the Jews not only in one fundamental law, the State-State Law, but also in a long list of laws, regulations and actions based on the National Law. -State and apply it tightly to practice.
In addition, Israel must be wary of any attempt to undermine its status as the state of the Jewish people, especially with regard to the actions of Israeli organizations and groups as well as of others. organizations in Europe and the United States for that purpose.
Israel must also be wary of anti-Semitic activities in Tel Avip in general and on Temple Mount in particular; at the same time all foreign actors that have won a foothold in the Israeli capital – from Jordan to Turkey – are silently supporting the Islamic Movement.
If Israel gave up its status as the state of the Jews, its fate would be the same as that of neighboring Lebanon in the north, which was formerly considered a state of Christians, but is now under the rule of Shiite Muslims.