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What are the characteristics of a game monitor?
- Frequency or refresh rate
- response time
- Panel Types
- VVR technology: variable update rate
- Resolution, size and layout
- Summary and purchase recommendations
What are the characteristics of a game monitor?
These monitors are specialized peripherals destined for the use in video games . Features such as high refresh rate, response time, number of doors, lighting, design and ergonomics, panel type and use of advanced technologies set them apart. Next, we analyze each one of them.
Frequency or refresh rate
THE refresh rate is one of the characteristics to be taken into account to have a good image quality and sharpness . This term refers to when the image displayed on the screen is refreshed.
Although unnoticeable to the human eye, the images displayed on the monitor are constantly updated. The refresh rate is measured in Hertz (Hz) and indicates the number of times the screen is refreshed during one second. Therefore, how bigger it is, the better the result.
There are game monitors that vary from 60 Hz The 240 Hz.
Other very important detail is to take into account the relationship between the FPS (frames per second) that our video card can process and the amount of Hz of the gamer monitor. These measurements should be balanced as it will not be very useful to have a high performance video card if it is
What happens when the opposite happens? When the FPS is less than refresh rate from the monitor? This can also be a problem. Some manufacturers, however, incorporate certain technologies that allow these two parameters to be synchronized to avoid unwanted effects.
Our recommendation: as we have seen, it is essential to have a high update rate . We recommend that you be among the values 120-240Hz , although there are monitors for games with lower values. It’s important to make sure you choose a monitor that contains a equal or greater refresh rate than the video card’s maximum rendering in frames per second (you can turn on the FPS counter in Windows 10 game bar running
Another feature to be taken into consideration is the response time of a monitor , because he is the one avoid unwanted visual effects , like ghosts ital> (annoying image trails and trails), blur and various glitches. This occurs when monitor response time is excessively high and takes too long to process incoming information.
During gameplay, pixels on the screen constantly change color. The time it takes to update is what is determined by this parameter. Therefore, we believe it is desirable to seek response time value as low as possible .
There are two well-known standards that measure this parameter: GtG and MPRT . Some manufacturers only offer GtG and others offer both.
Our recommendation: the goal is to achieve a value as close as possible to 1ms , this being the ideal. However, with 4ms or less, the gaming experience is acceptable . We recommend reviewing the measurements GtG and MPRT . It is also recommended that the first value not exceed 4ms and the MPRT is between 1-2ms .
The dashboard type determines how we, the users, we capture the image displayed on the screen. Therefore, it is primarily responsible for the technique used to regulate the brightness, intensity and combination of primary colors. They are also largely related to refresh rate.
Inside screen type called LCD , the most widely used in gaming devices, we find three types: IPS, TN and GO .
Without focusing on the physical characteristics of all of them, let’s look at the advantages and disadvantages of each one.
- Panels TN (Twisted Nematic ): they offer a response time very close to 1 ms, but they are not capable of representing the entire color spectrum. You also need to be in a certain position in front of the monitor to see the image correctly, so there are restrictions on viewing angles.
- Panels VA (Vertical alignment ): have longer response times but offer better image display through brightness and contrast.
- IPS (In-Plane Switching) Panels , in English): is currently the most used and is a combination of the previous ones, correcting its limitations. It has acceptable response times, there is no viewing angle restriction and color management is correct.
Our recommendation: in this case, it all depends on the user’s priority. For non-competitive games , the best option will be IPS panels , but if the main objective is to achieve a shorter response time , regardless of the video game, we recommend TN panels . For games, without a doubt the worst option is VA panels.
As to ports included on the monitor, for a good gaming experience it’s important to consider their version above all else.
Today, the vast majority of gamers connect their devices to the computer through a HDMI cable . It is necessary to identify the version of the standard that the peripheral offers, as the resolution, the supported refresh rate and the VRR usability vary in each one.
In case of hdmi , he exists from 1.0 The 2.1 .
Our recommendation: we recommend a monitor that includes at least the version 2.0 in hdmi and have a cable designed for it.
VVR technology: variable update rate
THE screen is synchronized with the FPS of the graphics card through the technology of variable update rate, VRR , which allows the monitor to adapt to the information you receive, saving energy and preventing sudden interruptions during gameplay or image fragments.
When we run a game on the computer, the FPS level doesn’t stay constant, but it varies. This also happens when switching from one type of game to another.
We saw it before as a big difference between update rate and sent FPS can affect performance. O VRR is implemented using a technology called Adaptive Sync (
Both NVIDIA and AMD worked on this feature and brought it to market. NVIDIA named him G-Sync and AMD as FreeSync .
THE main difference between the two is that G-Sync is exclusive to NVIDIA monitors , which include a specific chip. Keep in mind that these peripherals are only compatible with graphics cards from the same company.
However, FreeSync can be used by any manufacturer of monitors and does not require exclusively use an AMD graphics card as it is compatible with some of the Nvidia cards.
In some cases, both include the HDR technology , which allows for better light and brightness management, recreating true colors more accurately.
Our recommendation: to avoid problems during any game, we recommend purchasing a monitor that has adaptive synchronization technology . Regarding the quality of the user experience, today both proposals are at the same level, but both have different certifications: on the one hand, we have G-Sync Compatibility, G-Sync ital> and
You can get more information on the official AMD pages eg -sync-monitors / NVIDIA. remember that the NVIDIA proposal, G-Sync , has more limitations when it comes to choosing monitors and is more expensive. Also, it is limited to the exclusive use of an NVIDIA graphics card. Therefore, if you are an AMD user, this option is not valid for you. For us, the best option will be FreeSync from AMD , but each user is free to decide which one is most convenient for him.
Resolution, size and layout
Another feature widely known by users is the resolution . This refers to the number of pixels there are per inch. The higher the resolution, the greater the accuracy of the image . It is usually expressed in pixels wide x pixels high . For example, in the case of Full HD is 1920 x 1080p or 2560 x 1440p for 2K . Here, it is also important to take into account the size of the monitor, as if it is too small, there will be no noticeable changes between one resolution and another.
O screen size it is usually expressed in inches (”), measured along the diagonal of the screen. To get the measurement in centimeters, we just have to multiply the number of inches by 2.54.
ultra wide or ultra-wide are those that are wider than normal, with a ratio of 21:9, compared to 16:9 for normals.
There are models that offer curved screens that guarantee the reduction of eyestrain and a more realistic image transmission.
Our recommendation: first, we recommend taking into account the space available to place the monitor and measure the distance . After that, the recommended sizes according to the distance from the user to the monitor are:
- 21-24”: 50-60 cm.
- 22-27”: 60-70 cm.
- 24-32”: 70-80 cm.
- 27-35”: 90-100 cm.
- 32” or more: more than 100 cm.
On the other hand, the recommended resolution according to size is:
- 23-24”: 1920 x 1080p (Full HD)
- 26-28”: 2560 x 1440p (2K)
- 32”: 3840 x 2160p (4K)
- 25-29” ultrawide: 2560×1080p.
- 34” ultrawide: 3440 × 1440p.
- 38” ultrawide: 3440 × 1440p.
Summary and purchase recommendations
The analysis of perfect game monitor it’s not easy. Many factors must be taken into account. Here is a short list of them all:
- Update rate or frequency High .
- response time close to 1ms . Check, if possible, the GtG and MPRT measurements.
- For non-competitive games, IPS panel . In the case of competitive, TN panel .
- Minimum version 2.0 HDMI .
- Technology VVR ( G-Sync or FreeSync ) with technology HDR .
- Size according to the distance from the user.
- Resolution according to size.
Some purchase options :
LG UltraGear Monitor
Acer Predator XB241YU
Asus VG258QR Monitor
Dell Ultrasharp Curved Monitor
- LG Pro Gamer Monitor
Photo: © Alex Haney – Unsplash