How does Euro NCAP assess car safety standards?

How does Euro NCAP assess car safety standards?


Euro NCAP is a non-profit organization specializing in assessing the safety of cars. This organization has very clear evaluation standards and is trusted by many car manufacturers.

The following are safety evaluation criteria of Euro NCAP.

Impact from the front

Cars will have to undergo this test at a speed of 64km / h. A fixed and impulsive structure will appear and the vehicle will try to hit the obstacle in the direct direction. This is a test model that simulates an actual accident from a frontal collision. The test also applied two humanoid dolls to 95% to measure the force acting on these two dolls when the collision occurred.

Simulate frontal collision

Simulate frontal collision

A model will pass this test if the front end is exposed to only 40% of the front end with the obstacle and the impact on the doll is at its lowest. Beginning in 2015, this test has been raised a notch. The speed decreases to only 50 km / h, but the impact area increases by 100%, the impact force will be greater than before. Therefore, only vehicles with adequate safety belts can pass this test.

Impact from the side of the car

An accident can occur not only by frontal impact but also from the side of the vehicle. Euro NCAP automotive safety standards requires the vehicle to pass an impact test from the side of the vehicle. Specifically, the test is as follows: an object will move and affect the side of the car at a speed of 50km / h. The width of this object is 1,500mm, the length of the object is 500mm, the weight of the object is not mentioned. The force acting on the doll sitting inside the vehicle and the level of penetration of obstacles into the interior compartment are the criteria for evaluating the vehicle through this test.

Side crash test of Euro NCAP

Side crash test of Euro NCAP

Impact on side by column-like sharp objects

Cars will move at a speed of 32km / h and have a collision with a rigid column with small cross section. This test aims to determine the impact of the tapered pointed object on the chest and abdomen of the occupant. If the vehicle is not equipped with curtain airbags or side airbags, the occupants of the vehicle will be in high danger, maybe even fatal.

Test cars when pierced by column-like sharp objects

Test cars when pierced by column-like sharp objects

Impact on pedestrians

This test is divided into 3 parts: impact on the head, upper legs and lower legs. A doll will collide with a car at 40 km / h and Euro NCAP will calculate the impact force of the collision on the doll and the car.

Other safety equipment

Euro Ncap scores cars based on necessary safety equipment. There will be a test of electronic stability system to assess the ability to control the direction of navigation and the inclination of the vehicle. At the same time, the ability to change lanes will also be reviewed and tested thoroughly. Cars will have to move at speeds of 80km / h and the driver rotates the steering wheel at a 270-degree angle to simulate the sharp steering in high speed conditions. However, by 2016, Euro NCAP stopped testing electronic balance systems.

Euro NCAP scores cars based on safety equipment

Euro NCAP scores cars based on safety equipment

For automatic emergency braking, Euro NCAP also has a 3-level test. In the first level, cars will move to another fixed vehicle with the speed from 30km / h to 80km / h respectively. In the second level, cars will move closer to another vehicle that is also moving but at a slower speed. The final level, the car will move behind a model car, this model car will stop at 50km / h suddenly. If in all three test levels above, the car does not cause a collision, it will be appreciated.

In addition, Euro NCAP also checks the automatic braking system in the city. The test vehicle will move to a mock vehicle standing in stationary position at speeds of 10 and 50 km / h. The more a car avoids a collision, the higher its score. In addition, Euro NCAP also scores vehicles based on many other systems such as lane assistance system, emergency braking system, blind spot warning system, safety system before collision …

Currently, there are many popular models in Vietnam market that have passed the test and achieved 5-star Euro NCAP standards such as sedans with Honda City, Mazda 3, … high-rise cars with Honda CR-V. , …

Minh Duyen

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