During the ongoing US-China trade war, there are not many 5G reminders but this technology plays an important role and its future will be greatly affected. 5G has great significance for both sides, Huawei holds many pioneering technologies while President Trump wants America to lead the race.
What is 5G? 5 characteristics you should know about it
Both the US and China want to control 5G technology and it will decide whether the US will continue to lead the high-tech race in the next few decades, or whether China will transform itself into a technologically strong nation. advanced. In that battle, Huawei was mentioned by name and was the target of the US because Huawei is a company that has a strong position in the 5G market.
Any country that is at the forefront of development and deployment of 5G has the advantage of economic growth as well as controlling more power. Leading 5G brings hundreds of billions of dollars in revenue in the next decade, which includes creating more jobs in the field of wireless technologies. For the US, 5G will help maintain the economic and technical leadership they have acquired from the 4G period. As for China, it is an opportunity for this country to overtake the US and Europe economically and geopolitically.
So you will ask the position of the current US in the field of 5G? It's hard to answer and it depends on who you ask. President Trump said that the US was left behind by China in the 5G race, when it was said that the US was winning and would control 6G. But the Council is in charge of innovation of the Ministry of Defense (DIB), in contrast: "The country that owns 5G will have a lot of progress and set the standard for the rest of the world. Unfortunately, that country doesn't seem to be American.
Not the declaration of the Ministry of Defense agency is unfounded. The Chinese government invested a lot of money in companies like Huawei to develop 5G. Chinese companies also hold important patents on this technology. The Chinese government also controls the wireless service market and promotes large companies including China Mobile, China Unicom and China Telecom to jointly develop its own 5G network, which will be commercialized next year.
Meanwhile, the US does not have companies that play an important role in developing 5G devices. Or companies that once controlled and provided telecommunications equipment were sold to foreign countries. Currently, the 5G device market is being led by Huawei as well as Nokia and Ericsson. In addition, large network operators are also a challenge when they are forced to balance investment and innovation 5G with mutual competition.
However, America's biggest problem lies in the delay of wireless spectrum deployment. The spectrum that the US is applying is also a different standard. The US is using the mmWave standard, which is capable of transmitting large amounts of data very quickly, but the signal only moves in a narrow space and is vulnerable to interference due to obstacles. The cost of building such a network is also very expensive.
In contrast, Huawei is considered one of the world's largest 5G device manufacturers, their technology is also considered the most advanced. However, Huawei has always been the target that the US aims for, due to the danger of national security, it is also said to steal US intellectual property. All of these allegations led to a simultaneous attack on Huawei from the US, helping technology companies. A series of big names like Google, Qualcomm, Intel, ARM … stopped working with Huawei.
While US carriers do not use Huawei's devices on 4G networks and their upcoming 5G, Huawei's device is used in many European countries and the rest of the world. However, for some time after the attack on Huawei, President Trump announced that it would remove the ban on the company as long as it did not affect national security.
US operators rated that the US banned Huawei did not affect their deployment of 5G. Verizon CEO said they will continue to cooperate with partners in Europe and can do without Huawei. However, small operators, especially in rural areas, will be affected because they use Huawei and ZTE devices with 4G networks because of the low cost, if not continue with 5G, it will be a disadvantage. . US MPs provide a solution by supporting $ 700 million to solve the problem, but representatives from rural operators say the actual cost is higher than that number. It is about $ 800 to $ 1 billion to replace all Huawei or ZTE devices.
So, is there any effect from banning Huawei and commercial war on 5G? It can slow the final development process for 5G and divide the type of technology that will be used for each market. The final standard for 5G has not yet been agreed and may take years, while Huawei and 5G development companies participate primarily in this phase. The fact that the US uses different standards with the world has happened, they use the CDMA standard for 2G and 3G while China is TD-SCDMA and Europe is GSM.