Hormonal IUD: advantages and side effects

Hormonal IUD: advantages and side effects

#Hormonal #IUD #advantages #side #effects

The IUD is a intra uterine device whose function is to prevent pregnancy. This contraception system does not interfere with libido or prevent women from performing the sexual positions they desire. The insertion of the IUD in the uterus is performed by a gynecologist in a non-invasive procedure. It must occur when the woman is menstruating because, at this time, the cervix is ​​more open, which favors placement.

  • Types of IUDs

  • Non-hormonal IUD

  • Hormonal IUD

  • Hormonal IUD insertion

  • How the hormonal IUD works

  • Advantages of the hormonal IUD

  • Disadvantages of the hormonal IUD

  • Side effects of the hormonal IUD

Types of IUDs

There are two types of IUDs: Copper IUD and Hormonal IUD. The oldest option is the copper IUD, which is so called because the device is coated with this material. The copper IUD has 99% effectiveness. The hormonal IUD, which releases small amounts of hormone over time, has efficiency between 98% and 99%. Both systems are reversible, that is, once removed, the woman is able to conceive again.

Non-hormonal IUD

The non-hormonal IUD (or copper IUD) can be used without exchange for up to 10 years, but it is often replaced or removed before this time as a precaution against infections. The fundamental problem associated with the copper IUD is making the stronger menstruation and provoke more cramps. In some cases, it can cause bleeding between periods and the woman, at the time of implantation in the uterus, is more prone to vaginal infections.

Hormonal IUD

The hormonal IUD is a device that periodically releases minimal amounts of the hormone levonorgestrel, which prevents pregnancy. The amount of hormone released is about a tenth of the concentration obtained through the use of the birth control pill. As a result, the side effects of hormonal release are significantly reduced. The hormonal IUD also reduces the amount and duration of menstrual bleeding. So it can be used to treat menorrhagia or other forms of excessive menstrual bleeding. The hormonal IUD is the method of contraception for more than 150 million women worldwide. Its use can be done for up to five years.

Hormonal IUD insertion

Any gynecologist can insert the IUD. The insertion is done in few seconds, but preparing for installation may take a few minutes. The placement can cause mild pain, but in most cases, it is temporary and disappears within hours. Sometimes the doctor may recommend taking painkillers to make insertion more comfortable. Once the IUD is in place, the gynecologist often recommends women to return to the office after a few weeks for a routine examination. The insertion must occur in the menstruation period, a time when the cervix is ​​expanded.

How the hormonal IUD works

By releasing hormones continuously from the uterus, the hormonal IUD causes reactions that lead to pregnancy prevention. First, it eliminates the normal sperm movement in the uterus, which makes it difficult for sperm to reach the fallopian tubes, where egg fertilization occurs. In addition, the hormonal IUD causes mucus thickening of the cervical canal, another factor that complicates the passage of sperm. Finally, the IUD reduces the growth of the endometrium, decreasing menstrual bleeding in quantity and duration.

Advantages of the hormonal IUD

The main advantage of the hormonal IUD is its high efficiency in preventing pregnancy. In addition, it reduces menstrual bleeding, maintains a woman’s sexual freedom and can be used to treat some menstrual disorders. Finally, the chances of a woman getting pregnant after removing the IUD are quite tall while the risk of ectopic pregnancy (outside the womb) is reduced.

Disadvantages of the hormonal IUD

The main disadvantage of the hormonal IUD is not be able prevent the occurrence of sexually transmitted diseases. To this end, the use of condoms is the only preventive method.

Side effects of the hormonal IUD

The hormonal IUD is associated with some Side effects, such as abdominal pain, nausea, edema – especially in the first three months of use -, acne, increased sensitivity of the breasts and headaches. However, the effects are far less frequent and intense than those experienced by women using the birth control pill.

Photo: © Sunflowerr – Shutterstock.com

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