Herniated Disc: Symptoms and Treatment

Herniated Disc: Symptoms and Treatment


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THE herniated disc it is a spinal cord injury characterized by the displacement of a part of a vertebral disc. It can be caused by compression of a nerve and causes pain throughout the affected area. In general, the pathology appears in people aged between 30 and 50 years.

  • Definition of herniated disc

  • Herniated Disc Symptoms

  • Herniated Disc Diagnosis

  • Herniated Disc Treatment

    • Herniated Disc Surgery

  • How to prevent herniated discs

Definition of herniated disc

Herniated disc is an infection that affects the disc located between the vertebrae. These discs have the function of amortizing impacts between the bones, minimizing shocks and facilitating the mobility of the spine. They play an important role in the alignment of the vertebrae, and when the hernia arises, we speak of an abnormal condition of a vertebral disc.

Herniated Disc Symptoms

The herniated disc is manifested by severe pain in the affected area, which can extend to a limb irrigated by the same nerve. In some cases, the hernia is asymptomatic, but in general, the pain is located at the lowest vertebral level, especially between the L4 and L5 vertebrae, known as lumbar vertebrae, in addition to an L5 S1 disc protrusion.

The cervical hernia can generate a tingling sensation that starts at the nape of the neck and can extend through the arm. Hernia cases that reach the last lumbar vertebrae generate pain in the region and can extend from the thighs to the toes, encompassing the entire path of the affected nerve.

Herniated Disc Diagnosis

The diagnosis is made from the symptoms that the patient describes, the pain and the location of the problem. Some complementary exams they may be indicated, such as radiography of the spine in the painful region, tomography or magnetic resonance to confirm the condition.

Herniated Disc Treatment

Treatment for herniated discs is based primarily on rest administration and administration of analgesics and anti-inflammatory drugs, as well as infiltrations. Treatment is generally associated with physiotherapy or surgical interventions for more severe cases.

Herniated Disc Surgery

In the absence of improvement, the doctor may operate on the patient affected by the herniated disc. The procedure removes part of the vertebral bone, called the vertebral lamina, releasing the nerve from the hernia compression. Other microsurgical techniques can also reduce pain and are less invasive. However, even with surgery, there are cases where symptoms can persist.

How to prevent herniated discs

Preventive actions prevent the appearance herniated disc. Do not overload your back, practice sports such as swimming or cycling and strengthen the region are some of the measures.

Photo: © Production Perig – Shutterstock.com

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