Hepatitis A: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

Hepatitis A: Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment

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Hepatitis A is a form of hepatitis caused by virus A (HAV). In general, it appears in an acute form and heals spontaneously, without the need for specific treatment. Most of the time, hepatitis A is benign, and in only 1% of cases is there a risk that the disease will trigger a severe acute picture of liver failure. There is a vaccine for the prevention of hepatitis A offered free of charge in the Unified Health System (SUS). People already affected by this form of hepatitis become immune to it for the rest of their lives.

  • Transmission of hepatitis A

  • Symptoms of hepatitis A

  • Diagnosis of hepatitis A

  • Hepatitis A treatment

  • Hepatitis A vaccine

  • Hepatitis A prevention

  • Hepatitis A has a cure

Transmission of hepatitis A

Transmission of hepatitis A occurs through fecal-oral. That is, through contact with an infected individual or through food and water contaminated with virus A.

Symptoms of hepatitis A

Most of the time, hepatitis A has no symptoms. However, when they occur the characteristic manifestations of hepatitis A are nausea and vomiting, dizziness, excessive fatigue, fever, abdominal pain, light urine and dark stools. Jaundice – yellowish coloration of the skin and eyes – is the most striking symptom of hepatitis and can also be noticed in cases of hepatitis A.

Diagnosis of hepatitis A

Because it is a silent disease, hepatitis A is usually diagnosed through blood tests that discover the presence of specific antibodies against virus A. In case of jaundice, the test is done to define which form of hepatitis is affecting the patient.

Hepatitis A treatment

There is no specific treatment for hepatitis A and the therapeutic focus should be on combating possible symptoms of the disease. However, the ingestion of alcoholic beverages during the recovery period from the disease, which occurs spontaneously in most cases, should not occur. If the symptoms appear intensely, it is possible that the specialist recommends a few days of rest to the patient.

Hepatitis A vaccine

The hepatitis A vaccine is the best form of individual protection against the disease. It is part of the National Vaccination Calendar and should be taken in two doses. The hepatitis A vaccine is offered free of charge in the Unified Health System (SUS).

Hepatitis A prevention

Although the vaccine is highly effective, the main form of prevention of hepatitis A is by increasing levels of sanitation the country, mainly in the interior and periphery of large cities. In addition, individual measures such as boiling water before consumption, proper washing of food and adoption of hygiene practices also ensure greater protection against hepatitis A.

Hepatitis A has a cure

Hepatitis A has cure and it usually occurs spontaneously, without the need for rigorous treatments. In any case, it is necessary to carefully follow the guidelines given by the specialist doctor so that the virus is completely eliminated from the body.

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