Disappointed in Europe, Greece put their faith in the Middle East
Greek civilization has absorbed the influences from the Middle Eastern cultures such as Jewish, Arab, Persian and Turkish …, throughout the history of the country. This is evident in the music, cuisine, language, religion and lifestyle of the Greeks and Greeks-Cypriots. Some even say that Greek culture is the only remaining entity of soft power since ancient times.
However, in the modern era, Greece and the Republic of Cyprus have found their way to Europe.
In the case of Greece, the country was financially dependent on European powers after gaining independence from the Ottoman Empire and European rulers who ruled the state were re-established with a “military regime”. Greek owner “established by foreign countries. In it, Britain had colonized Cyprus until independence in 1960.
Northwest Europe and then the EU, which had a great influence on modern Greek civilization, were trying to get rid of the eastern clutches of Ottomanism. But now things can return to the way they were, as some have argued as “in natural order.”
Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis is a Europhile (someone who admires Europe or advocates joining the European Union). Many Greeks, as well as Greek Cypriots, view the EU as essential to their economic, commercial and development prosperity.
However, a series of disappointments regarding EU policy in the eastern Mediterranean caused both Greece and the Republic of Cyprus – the southern part of an internationally recognized Greek island – to begin. make a remarkable political change to the Middle East.
Ankara’s repeated violations of Greek airspace and Cyprus waters prompted Nicosia and Athens to call on the European Union to punish Ankara. However, Brussels, which sees a close alliance between Germany and Turkey, only offers symbolic moves. Even France, a recent supporter of Greek and Greek territorial rights, took a relatively soft stance on the issue of sanctions.
|Turkey’s ambitions have caused countries in the region to cooperate to stop (Artwork)|
For Athens and Nicosia, which were inherently skeptical of the bloc due to its role in the debt crisis, these are signs that they can no longer rely on Europe. Israel and its Arab neighbors have also learned this lesson, as Brussels has no interest in the invasion of Turkey and Iran, because of the “selective concern about human rights” and the obsession of Palestinian issue.
The lack of support from the European Union (EU) to deal with Turkey, as well as the continued unfair economic policies, prompted Cyprus and Greece to leave Brussels and head for the Middle East.
Athens and Nicosia will not leave the European Union, but the EU’s soft stance on Turkish aggression moves in the region as a whole leaves politicians in both countries with no other option. apart from being more closely linked with their southeast neighbors.
The formation of new alliances in the region
After Israel severed ties with Turkey in 2010 and the discovery of large reserves of natural gas in the Levantine Basin (Levantine Basin), Greece, Israel and Cyprus joined forces to exploit the resources. resources and embarked on an ambitious project to bring gas to Europe, which would later involve several other countries.
The US-backed trilateral coalition has become more cohesive, including military cooperation and joint lobbying efforts in Washington. The normalization of relations between Israel and some Arab countries spurred this process further.
The Jewish state and its neighbors – who have long had close ties with Greece – all shared concerns about Turkish aggression in the region and their neo-Ottoman ambitions.
In the article for BESA Magazine No. 1,894, dated 20 January 2021, expert Dmitri Shufutinsky, Master in International Peace and Conflict Settlement, stated that military relations have become a factor Greek-Israeli and Greek-Arab cooperation.
Greece sent the Patriot system to protect Saudi Arabia’s oil fields, while the UAE sent fighters to Greece to participate in joint air defense drills. Egypt participates almost annually with Greece and Cyprus in joint naval exercises, and Israel recently agreed to open a joint flight training center in Kalamata with Greece.
|Greece, Israel, and Cyprus have joined forces to exploit gas in the Levantine basin|
Tel Avip will also lease out drones to Athens to defend the border. Israel has also agreed to further upgrade defense cooperation with Nicosia and Athens in the coming year. Meanwhile, the US, which has been closer to Athens and Nicosia since the end of the year, has actually punished Turkey for purchasing Russian S-400 systems.
For many years, Russian and Chinese policymakers have embraced the idea of ”regionalism” – a concept under which states in a common geographic region work together in Various issues, not affected by countries outside the region. Looks like this is happening, although perhaps not in the way Moscow and Beijing envision.
Kostas Grivas, professor of geopolitics and weapons systems at the Greek Army Academy, has stated that Athens will redraw the geopolitical map including countries of Arab, Israel, Cyprus, Greece and France formed a new Mediterranean-Middle East alliance, to counter the alliance that Ankara has built up with Pakistan and its countries close to Turkey in Central Asia.
The CEO of the Center for Middle East Reporting and Analysis, Mr. Seth J. Frantzman, ranks Greece and India as a “major Middle East” in terms of emerging geopolitical alliances.
As the EU loses leadership in the region and faces internal instability, such regional alliances – often based on a shared cultural background and shared geopolitical interests – are likely to become more common when dealing with common problems.
Greece and Cyprus, with the help of their regional allies and Washington, should continue to lobby Europe for more action against Turkey. At the same time, it needs to continue to embrace the approaching reality, with the possibility that Brussels will not oppose Ankara’s neo-Ottoman policies.