Gout: Symptoms and Treatments

Gout: Symptoms and Treatments

#Gout #Symptoms #Treatments

THE drop it is a kind of arthritis that arises as a consequence of the increased presence of uric acid in the blood. Severe pain and joint deformation are typical symptoms, which affect about 70% of people who suffer the first gout attack.

  • Uric acid and gout

  • Causes of gout

  • Gout symptoms

  • What to do in a gout crisis

  • Joints affected by gout

  • Gout Treatments

  • Prevention of gout attacks

  • Drop has cure

Uric acid and gout

Uric acid is a by-product of the breakdown of purine protein in the body and gout is closely linked to increased concentration of uric acid in the blood. When uric acid rises, it becomes accumulate in the joints and can cause gout. The disease, however, is genetic and hereditary, and patients with no family history of gout are at very low risk of developing it even if they have high uric acid.

Causes of gout

As seen above, gout arises from the accumulation of uric acid in the joints, especially in the lower limbs. However, there are two reasons for this above-normal accumulation. It may be due to a excessive production uric acid through the body or elimination difficulty of uric acid in the urine. In 90% of cases, the problem is caused by insufficient excretion.

Gout symptoms

Gout attacks arise in an intense way, usually at night, with a feeling of intense pressure and cold. The throbbing pain makes the person stay in bed, as he usually has difficulty standing up and any type of contact with the affected area generates severe pain. Inflammatory symptoms include swelling, severe pain and a change in skin color, which becomes redder.

What to do in a gout crisis

An acute crisis of hard gout three to ten days, no treatment. The moment it appears, the patient must remain at rest as the movements only tend to aggravate the problem. In addition, an ice pack should be applied over the painful area to relieve the symptoms of the crisis. Hot water bags can also worsen the patient’s situation and are contraindicated.

Joints affected by gout

In general, at first, gout affects only one joint, but then pain can spread to other parts of the body in addition to the feet, as in the shin, knees, wrist, elbows and hands, while the hips and spine are not affected by this disease.

Gout Treatments

First, the doctor must identify the cause of the problem: overproduction or insufficient elimination of uric acid. Only with this diagnosis will it be possible to determine which type of medication the patient should use. In addition to specific treatment, prescriptions may be painkillers and anti-inflammatories to combat the symptoms of the disease and relieve pain from crises.

Prevention of gout attacks

To prevent gout attacks, it is important to hydrate very well, keep your weight regulated and avoid consumption of alcohol and purine-rich foods, such as crustaceans and sausages.

Drop has cure

Gout is a chronic disease and therefore there’s no cure. Most of the time, the patient needs to use the medications for the rest of his life. In the rare cases of excessive production of uric acid, the person with gout may be able to stabilize levels and discontinue the use of medications despite needing to undergo regular tests and maintain a healthy lifestyle.

Photo: © GlebStock – Shutterstock.com

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