Referring to Iran, many people will think of nuclear weapons conflicts or cultural invasion phenomenon. The advent and development of the Internet and technology allowed people to exchange and explore distant lands, even the hidden corners of a certain country. But besides the obscure corner of nuclear weapons or cultural contradictions, the Islamic country is also known for its rich artistic heritage, which is the cradle of many famous artistic and technical movements of the painting, ceramics, calligraphy, architecture, textiles and sculpture. Persian art holds unique and long-standing techniques, making Iran one of the countries with the most developed art history in the world.
Iranian paintings, ceramics, sculptures, metals, and art books are always sought after for their sophistication in detail and crafting techniques. Here are 6 important milestones marking the development of Iranian art through each stage ..
URUK period – Ceramics
Photo: Artist PopLab
The Uruk period existed from about 4000 to 3100 BC, in southern Mesopotamia, also known as ancient Iraq. The settlement was inhabited and worked by many farmers and hunters beside the rivers.
Syria, Turkey, Iran and Iraq, which were known under various names at the time, witnessed an important part of the Uruk period. Along with its enchanting architecture and collages, the Uruk period saw a strong development in ceramics and proto-writing. limit.)
An important colony of the Uruk period, Susa (the ancient city of Proto-Elamite, Elam, First Persian Empire, Parthian and Sasanid of Iran) possessed the most developed proto-writing system in the area besides ceramic and cylindrical seals. The workmanship of contemporary artisans is commendable, as minor defects or asymmetry in their products indicate that they are all handcrafted. In a context where neither machines nor technology exist, the talents of ancient artisans are commendable.
Another interesting detail that played an important role in the Uruk period is the record keeping of goods and workers through paintings. Although not intended for artistic purposes, the paintings are an example of the exquisite work of the Uruk period.
Iron Age – Metal art
The early Iron Age took place in the years 900 – 600 BC, witnessing the birth of metal art. At that time the most common metal used to carve intricate sculptures was copper. The bronze sculptures are called Luristan Bronzes and were found by archaeologists at many sites in western-central Iran.
Ancient artisans often sculpted weapons, tools, horse accessories, pots and ornaments. Although the tools used for carving are rudimentary, the techniques of ancient art are very creative. The intricate carvings on metal artwork are all handcrafted and time consuming. This era saw the formation of mascots, most commonly goats or sheep with large horns depicted in diverse forms and styles.
Islamic golden era
Photo: Artist PopLab
The golden era of Islam emerged between the 9th and 10th centuries. The Sasanian Empire in 651 officially collapsed after the “Persian conquest of the Muslims” or “the conquest of the Arabs. Arabic “. It also led to the decline of the Zoroastrian religion in Iran. Soon after, artists in the region showed exponential growth and potential, making the 9th century the golden age of Iranian art. The Turkish people increasingly proved their importance to Iran, as evidenced by the birth of Turkish-Persian culture.
Iran witnessed the birth of two important dynasties, the Samanid and Seljuq dynasties, both of which raised the importance of Persian art in each period. Pottery, ceramics, metal wares and paintings appear more and more. During the Samanid dynasty, a Sunni empire ruled over many regions including Afghanistan, Iran, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, Kazakhstan and Pakistan. This era specialized in the production of antique pottery, a type of terracotta vase with inscriptions related to proverbs and blessings, used to hold food. Written in Kufi lettering black on white background.
The Seljuq Dynasty in the 10th century saw many improvements in materials and crafting techniques. Materials such as minai were used on a white background, along with enamel drawings, ceramics, and silicone glues emerged and replaced the clay.
The discipline of metalworking and sculpture in the Islamic Art period also has many innovations. Along with the use of hammer to beat metal to create detailed designs, artisans of this period also inlaid precious metal to highlight the works of art. The books in the book also became famous from Iran to Iraq, including beastly characters to depict loyalty, betrayal and courage. Book painting also led to the widespread popularity of Persian calligraphy and became one of the most sought after subjects.
Mongolia was under the leadership of Genghis Khan
This era formed many dynasties during the 13th century due to power struggles between the sons of Genghis Khan. Each dynasty contributed to the development of Iranian art, making it the Golden Age of Iranian painting. Popular subjects at that time included calligraphy, illustrations and paintings of Mongolian culture. However, there was much controversy surrounding the rulers’ view of the Persians as Mongolian at that time.
The Safavids – Pinnacle for Literature and Architecture
Photo: Lyon & Turnbull
This period also contributed greatly to the development and dissemination of a number of artistic disciplines such as textiles, miniature painting and the art of ceramics. Persian rugs and rugs are two extremely expensive products because they are extremely sophisticated and have a strong tribal cultural value. This is also the time when the Iranian textile art was strongly developed.
Illustrations for Iranian books and miniature works are also done meticulously, showing the narrative skills and thinking of contemporary people. Artists also use a lot of human images for storytelling purposes. Although Persian art does not completely prohibit human figures, miniature paintings often only integrate images of people into the central plot due to their private nature. Along with the craftsman’s rise, more and more designs were introduced such as cups, long neck bottles and ceramic plates. The pot was then also a new design with a slim neck and flat body on one side and round on the other.
The Qajar dynasty (1781 – 1925) had a great impact on Persian art, especially architecture and certain art forms. Painting and murals are an integral part of Qajar art. The period of peace under the rule of Agha Muhammad Khan and his descendants created a huge explosion for the art of expression. Paintings and murals depict historical scenes and fun, specially designed for palaces and cafes.
Through the paintings, it is widely believed that the Qajar dynasty is related to the Safavid Empire. Images of inanimate objects and portraits of people are depicted in opposition to their nature. While humans are absolutely idealized and depicted with standard features, inanimate objects are rendered authentically.
Iranian art – Charter for artistry, excellence and vitality
Iran is a rich and vibrant land with an interesting tradition and culture. Not only traditional art but modern art of Iran is also rising and asserting its position on the world map, this is equally praiseworthy. Iranian art, also known as Persian art, has developed and transformed through each dynasty. The elegant styles of art techniques, such as textiles have left a great impact on the world with their finishing and skills.
Persian art is effectively contributing to the world with innovative and long-standing techniques that are forming a great demand in today’s world and still a reference point because of excellent aesthetic value. its!