Dyscalculia: Symptoms and Treatment

Dyscalculia: Symptoms and Treatment


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THE dyscalculia is a neurological disorder that integrates the group of learning disorders and affects the ability to perform activities involving numbers. The causes of dyscalculia are still unknown. The problem is suspected to be linked to genetic or environmental factors.

  • Dyscalculia symptoms

  • Dyscalculia diagnosis

  • Treatment of dyscalculia

  • Risks of dyscalculia

Dyscalculia symptoms

Dyscalculia is manifested by difficulties in understand and use numbers. The first signs appear early in life and deepen at school. The child with dyscalculia finds it difficult to count, represent quantities, perform mathematical operations. There are also problems with memorizing, for example, the multiplication tables. Dyscalculia rarely presents as an isolated disorder and is usually accompanied by dyslexia (reading problem), dyspraxia (motor coordination problem) and attention deficit.

Dyscalculia diagnosis

Like other learning disorders, the diagnosis of dyscalculia is essential for defining treatment. Recognition of the disorder also allows the child and parents avoid stigmatizations. Before looking for a general practitioner or pediatrician for an initial analysis, parents should talk to the child, monitor their school development and help with possible difficulties. Seeking advice from teachers is also important. Once these steps are over, neuropsychological analysis it is necessary to assess the child’s cognitive functions and establish an accurate diagnosis.

Treatment of dyscalculia

The treatment of dyscalculia should be adapted from child to child according to the diagnosis obtained. A multidisciplinary treatment, with the help of teachers, speech therapists and psychologists, allows the child to compensate for his difficulties and achieve normal development. Parental encouragement is also essential.

Risks of dyscalculia

Despite not presenting a risk of complications, dyscalculia can cause psychological problems for the child and reduced interest in studies. In addition, a possible below-average school performance can lead to the practice of bullying by colleagues.

Photo: © Rob Marmion – Shutterstock.com

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